However, making use of them appropriately is … A cohesive essay is an academic type of writing that must have a hierarchy of interrelated beliefs as well as attitudes, any element of which is called a cohesive paragraph. Think about an army. The students of Class-VIII showed cohesion problems in their writing from missing or misleading sentence connections to malfunctioning cohesive devices to too great a distance between the cohesive items in a cohesive chain 3. the misuse of a few cohesive devices of Task-III affected or even broke the coherence of the text 4. Overusing Cohesive Devices The biggest mistakes many students make is to use cohesive devices in nearly every sentence. On the contrary, there is little evidence of using lexical devices. 4, 2013 The Role of Cohesive Devices and the Interplay of Theme Abu Ayyash Hiddas Cohesive devices The content of this part relies heavily on the seminal work of Halliday and Hasan (1976) Henry on the concept of cohesive devices. They are otherwise known as connectives or linking words in English Grammar. It occurs when the writer refers back to something which has previously been identified in the text, and its purpose is to avoid repetition. There are three types of references: pronominal reference, What Is Cohesion? pronouns; the definite article (the) words which can replace verb or noun groups, or even whole clauses eg: do, so, such, one. Introduction Cohesive devices include grammatical and lexical cohesion. Cohesion is a word that we use to describe unity or togetherness. In other words, things that are cohesive fit together. Chapter Nine - Cohesive Devices 2) Referencing Pronouns One common type of referencing with respect to cohesion is anaphoric referencing. devices used are reference and conjunction. Arab World English Journal www.awej.org 238 ISSN: 2229-9327 AWEJ Volume 4.Number. Although the essay is somewhat cohesive, some areas still need improvement. Referring words. Cohesive devices can be divided into the following three categories: 1) conjunctions, 2) conjunctive adverbs, and 3) cohesive devices that have the function to connect sentences or paragraphs. Cohesive devices are essential elements that have long been recognized as important features of good writing. The logical relations of cohesive devices also play an essential role. Keywords: cohesive devices, grammatical and lexical devices, cohesion, student’s writing 1. The first grammatical cohesion device, references, is words that are used to appoint other words. Grammatical cohesion devices are references, conjunction, ellipses, and substitutions. The leaves turn bright shades of red and the weather is mild, but I can't help thinking ahead to the winter and the ice storms that will surely blow through here.In addition, that will be the season of chapped faces, too many layers of clothes to put on, and days when I'll have to shovel heaps of snow from my car's windshield. 2009). 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