[citation needed]. Philby's autobiography, My Silent War, was published in the West in 1968, as was his wife Eleanor's book, Kim Philby: The Spy I Loved. It later emerged that the agent – known as Schmidt – had also worked as an informant for the Rote Kapelle organisation, which sent information to both London and Moscow. Golitsyn offered the CIA revelations of Soviet agents within American and British intelligence services. Harold ‘Kim’ Philby was a member of the ‘Cambridge Five’ spy ring. "[10] Pukhova said, "he was struck by disappointment, brought to tears. They had already been down to the Embassy but being unable to work had come back. Barclay reported the complaint to London. "[46], Burgess's presence was problematic for Philby, yet it was potentially dangerous for Philby to leave him unsupervised. From April 1950, Maclean had been the prime suspect in the investigation into the Embassy leak. Was confronted with the mounting evidence by friend Nicholas Elliott, a … It was ten years before he was given a minor role in the training of KGB recruits. My God, how I despise you now. I came away with the impression that he missed the goods, services, and lifestyle of the free world. [69] On 30 July Soviet officials announced that they had granted him political asylum in the USSR, along with Soviet citizenship. Spouse(s) Litzi Friedmann Aileen Furse Eleanor Brewer Rufina Ivanovna Pukhova: Parent(s) St John Philby, Dora Philby: Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988) was a British intelligence officer who worked as a spy for the Soviet Union, before defecting in 1963. [47] Philby had undertaken to devise an escape plan which would warn Maclean, currently in England, of the intense suspicion he was under and arrange for him to flee. "[14], Philby recommended to Deutsch several of his Cambridge contemporaries, including Donald Maclean, who at the time was working in the Foreign Office,[15] as well as Guy Burgess, despite his personal reservations about Burgess's erratic personality. In 1940 he began working for the United Kingdom's Secret Intelligence Service (SIS or MI6). [41] Clearly there had been leaks and Philby was later suspected as one of the leakers. In February 1934, Philby married Litzi Friedmann, an Austrian Jewish communist whom he had met in Vienna. In 1968 she returned to Maclean. Solomon introduced Philby to the woman who would become Philby's second wife, Aileen Furse. He briefly reported from Cherbourg and Brest, sailing for Plymouth less than twenty-four hours before the French surrendered to Germany in June 1940. In 1963 he was revealed to be a member of the Cambridge Five, a spy ring which passed information to the Soviet Union during World War II and in the early stages of the Cold War. Spycraft: The Secret History of the CIA's Spytechs, from Communism to Al-Qaeda. The film recounts Philby's love affair and marriage to Eleanor Brewer during his time in Beirut, and his eventual defection to the Soviet Union in late January 1963, though the characters based on Philby and Brewer have different names. From 1952, Philby struggled to find work as a journalist, eventually – in August 1954 – accepting a position with a diplomatic newsletter called the Fleet Street Letter. The "affair of the missing diplomats," as it was referred to before Burgess and Maclean surfaced in Moscow,[52] attracted a great deal of public attention, and Burgess's disappearance, which identified him as complicit in Maclean's espionage, deeply compromised Philby's position. He was thirty-four; she was thirty-five and seven months pregnant with their fourth child, Miranda. In Encyclopædia Britannica Online. [81], Philby found work in the early 1970s in the KGB's Active Measures Department churning out fabricated documents. But efforts among the expatriate community in Paris produced just two recruits. [57], It is unclear whether Philby had been alerted, but Eleanor noted that as 1962 wore on, expressions of tension in his life "became worse and were reflected in bouts of deep depression and drinking". Philby had been briefed on the situation shortly before reaching Washington in 1949; it was clear to Philby that the agent was Donald Maclean, who worked in the British Embassy at the time and whose wife, Melinda, lived in New York. In Vienna, working to aid refugees from Nazi Germany, Philby met and fell in love with Litzi Friedmann (born Alice Kohlmann), a young Austrian Communist of Hungarian Jewish origins. JOHN Philby, the eldest son of Soviet spy Kim Philby, who was a double agent and the notorious Third Man … His intention was to recruit the brightest students from Britain's top universities. Litzi lived in Paris before returning to London for the duration of the war; she ultimately settled in East Germany. [68][page needed], It was not until 1 July 1963 that Philby's flight to Moscow was officially confirmed. Published by WBML Publishers. It was published by Casterman in 2015, One of the earliest appearances of Philby as a character in fiction was in the 1974, In the 1987 adaptation of the novel, also named, Philby appears as one of the central antagonists in, Under the cover name of 'Mowgli' Philby appears in, Philby was the inspiration for the character of British intelligence officer Archibald "Arch" Cummings in the 2005 film, The song "Angleton", by Russian indie rock band. [citation needed], The intervention of Philby in the affair and the subsequent capture of Volkov by the Soviets might have seriously compromised Philby's position. Philby engaged in a concerted effort to make contact with Germans such as Joachim von Ribbentrop, at that time the German ambassador in London. I hope you've enough decency left to understand why. I replied £100, which I hoped would last me about a year in Vienna. [21][22], Alexander Orlov (born Lev Feldbin; code-name Swede), Philby's controller in Madrid, who had once met him in Perpignan, France, with the bulge of an automatic rifle clearly showing through his raincoat, also defected. Weakened by alcoholism and frequent sickness, she died of influenza in December 1957.[87]. At the same time, Burgess was trying to get her into MI6. As spies queue up to write memoirs, the life of a Cold War master- spy remains intriguing. The matchmaker was his … was a high-ranking member of British intelligence who worked as a double agent before defecting to the Soviet Union. [10] It is possible that it was a Viennese-born friend of Friedmann's in London, Edith Tudor Hart – herself, at this time, a Soviet agent – who first approached Philby about the possibility of working for Soviet intelligence. Philby was thus able to evade blame and detection. [citation needed], Elena Modrzhinskaya at GUGB headquarters in Moscow assessed all material from the Cambridge Five. The investigation into the British Embassy leak was still ongoing, and the stress of it was exacerbated by the arrival in Washington, in October 1950, of Guy Burgess – Philby's unstable and dangerously alcoholic fellow Soviet spy. In August 1956 he was sent to Beirut as a Middle East correspondent for The Observer and The Economist. On September 3 1939, Soviet spy Kim Philby met his future wife. [34][35] Charles Arnold-Baker, an officer of German birth (born Wolfgang von Blumenthal) working for Richard Gatty in Belgium and later transferred to the Norwegian/Swedish border, voiced many suspicions of Philby and Philby's intentions but was ignored time and time again. [61] Nicholas Elliott, an MI6 officer recently stationed in Beirut who was a friend of Philby's and had previously believed in his innocence, was tasked with attempting to secure Philby's full confession. Philby married four times: to a Viennese revolutionary, an Englishwoman who worked in Marks & Spencer, an American sculptress and finally a Soviet copy editor. Born in 1946, Dudley ‘Tommy’ Philby is the third of Kim’s five children with his second of four wives, Aileen Furse Philby. It has since been suggested that the whole confrontation with Elliott had been a charade to convince the KGB that Philby had to be brought back to Moscow, where he could serve as a British penetration agent of Moscow Centre. [63] When Nicholas Elliott met Philby in late 1962, the first time since Golitsyn's defection, he found Philby too drunk to stand and with a bandaged head; he had fallen repeatedly and cracked his skull on a bathroom radiator, requiring stitches. In late summer 1943, the SIS provided the GRU an official report on the activities of German agents in Bulgaria and Romania, soon to be invaded by the Soviet Union. He warned the Soviets of the attempted defection and travelled personally to Istanbul – ostensibly to handle the matter on behalf of SIS but, in reality, to ensure that Volkov had been neutralised. Kim Philby : biography 1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988 Harold Adrian Russell "Kim" Philby (1 January 1912 – 11 May 1988.