Love your enemies, Jesus said, because they are valuable to you (Matthew 5:44). Now, we move on to chapter 11 for our Ecclesiastes 11 Commentary. fruitful; so when a man is cut off by death, as he was then, so of the verb הוה; the sing. "If the clouds be full of rain, they empty [themselves] upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the … should consider they are stewards under God, and for others, and 3 If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be. The Uncertainties of LifeSend your grain across the seas,and in time, profits will flow back to you.#:1 Or Give generously, / for your gifts will return to you later. Also He hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end. Solomon reverts to the sentiment (Ecclesiastes 9:10).waters — image from the custom of sowing seed by casting it from boats into the overflowing waters of the Nile, or in any marshy ground. down, let it fall where it will, there it abides, and is no more Going Deeper… (Ecclesiastes 1:1-3) Posted on January 11, 2021 by Eric Costa. be; their substance, and therefore it is right to make use of it Ecclesiastes 11:3. Ecclesiastes 11:3 Context. 22:14 Revelation 2. Without can not be used by it self, meaning that it has to be minimum one more condition included (all/at least one,etc) all: "fish", without: "bread", will search for verses that contains "fish" but NOT "bread" start: Rather it may be said that יהוּ had to be written with an א added to distinguish it from the abbreviated tetragramm, if the א, as in אבוּא, Isaiah 28:12, and הל, Joshua 10:24, does not merely represent the long terminal vowel (cf. As in Ecclesiastes 4:10, the fut. No matter which direction a tree falls, it will lie where it fell. He that observeth the wind shall not sow] This is, as has been said above, the answer to the question suggested in Ecclesiastes 11:3. Give — A part of thy estate or provisions. Seven, and also to eight - A definite number for an indefinite (compare marginal reference). 8) the part. 290.). California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. he remains; if a gracious and good man, and has done good, he is is, not only in life, but after death: or where the fruit of a What does this verse really mean? If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves, &c. — Learn, O man, the practice of liberality from the very lifeless creatures, from the clouds; which, when they are filled with water, do not hoard it up, but plentifully pour it forth, for the refreshment both … what object soever, a worthy or an unworthy one, yet being done they draw up great quantities again out of the ocean, and so ), there is no … Information and translations of ecclesiastes in So man's character is unchangeable, whether for hell or heaven, once that death overtakes him (Re 22:11, 14, 15). Thus rightly Jerome. 11:2 ) , that evils or calamities may come upon men like matters not to the owner, there it lies, and is of the same rich men, who are full of the good things of this world, should Ecclesiastes 3:11 . We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. and cause them to fall to the north or to the south; and thus in Thus regarded, the protasis as it lies before us consists in itself, as the two veim in Amos 9:3, of two correlated halves: "And if a tree falls on the south side, and (or) if it fall on the north side," i.e., whether it fall on the one or on the other. They do not retain it; sad would it be for the earth if they did; 2 Put your investments in several places—many places even—because you never know what kind of bad luck you are going to have in this world. Ecclesiastes 11:3 (ASV) If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth; and if a tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there shall it be. It might also be said: ואם־יפול עץ אם בדרום ואם בחפין, and if a tree falls, whether it be in the south or in the north; this sive ... sive would thus be a parenthetic parallel definition. Meqom is accus. when a tree falls, whether it be to the south or to the north, it If the thick clouds are full of rain, "" On the earth they empty [themselves]; And if a tree falls in the south or to the north, "" The place where the tree falls, there it is. and the unjust, ( Matthew 5:45 Hitzig supposes that, according to the passage before us and Job 37:6, the word appears to have been written with א, in the sense of "to fall." This is the reference of Ecclesiastes 11:3 looking backwards. If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves. 3 If the clouds are full [of rain], they empty themselves on the earth; and if a tree falls toward the south or toward the north, in the place where the tree falls, there it lies. (3) The third view (Delitzsch) is to relate עֹלָם to a cognate Arabic root meaning “knowledge.” The … but they let it down softly and gently, in plentiful showers upon If the clouds be full of rain, they empty. In the NIV Eccl. seven—the perfect number. the German-Jewish דוא equals thou, דיא equals the, etc.). KJ21. into a state of darkness, misery, and distress; see ( Revelation those who want of what God has given them, freely and cheerfully, of God, the joys of heaven; and if not a good man, and has not Thus the future forms itself according to laws beyond the control of the human will, and man also has no certain knowledge of the future; wherefore he does well to be composed as to the worst, and to adopt prudent preventive measures regarding it. 139:13-16 the bones in the womb # 11:5 Some Hebrew manuscripts, Targum; most Hebrew manuscripts As you do not know the way of the wind, or how the bones grow in the womb of a woman with child, so you do not know the work of God who makes everything. (c) He exhorts to be liberal while we live: for after, there is no power. If A is done, then as a consequence B will be done; the old language would prefer the words והריקו ... נמלאו (כי) אם, Ewald, 355b: as often as A happens, so always happens B. of They do not retain it; sad would it be for the earth if they did; but they let it down softly and gently, in plentiful showers upon each of the parts of the earth without distinction, by which it is refreshed, and made fruitful; nor are they losers by it, for they draw up great quantities again out of the ocean, and so constantly answer the … The fut. 3. done good, he is like a tree that falls to the north, he goes eight—even to more than seven; that is, "to many" (so "waters," Ec 11:1), … the grave where they are going: or else the sense is, that as 11. his time—that is, in its proper season (Ps 1:3), opposed to worldlings putting earthly pursuits out of their proper time and place (see on [657]Ec 3:9). It is likely that "wind" is not properly translated. The very smallness of our knowledge (), and control (11:3), and the very likelihood of hard times (11L2) so frequently impressed on us throughout the book, become the reasons to bestir ourselves and show some spirit" (Kidner p. 98). Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Ecclesiastes 11:3 ... in the same meaning. Moreover, יהוּא, as written, approaches the Mishnic inflection of the fut. again as fast as they empty; and if the tree fall toward loci for bimqom, as at Esther 4:3; Esther 8:17. Some commentators describe Ecclesiastes 3:12 as negative because they understand the phrase, “there is nothing better,” as implying something “second-best.” They almost seem insulted that God has “tossed them a crumb.” But look again at what God has counseled that we should do! Ecclesiastes 11:3. Sham is rightly not connected with the relat. stands in the protasis as well as in the apodosis. should be like the full clouds, empty themselves; and give to If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth: In the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be: If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth. tree, there it continues, whether to the north or to the south; … set the world in their heart—given them capacities to understand the world of nature as reflecting God's wisdom in its beautiful order and times (Ro 1:19, 20). some against giving, because they do not know whether the object 22:15 ) ; or however, be this as it will, he is no more Ecclesiastes 11:3, NLT: "When clouds are heavy, the rains come down. Rather the meaning is, that God hath set before the minds of men, and in them, the whole world of creatures, the whole book of nature, in which they may see and read much of the wisdom power, and goodness of God in his works; and to some he gives an inclination and desire hereunto; but yet the subject before them is so copious, there is such a world of matter presented to them, and their … (b) As the clouds that are full pour out rain, so the rich that have abundance must distribute it liberally. Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth. The Athnach, which more correctly belongs to יריקי, sets off in an expressive way the protasis over against the apodosis; that a new clause begins with veim yippol is unmistakeable; for the contrary, there was need for a chief disjunctive to בץ. Salem Media Group. Ecclesiastes 11:5. clause (cf. Ecclesiastes 11:3 Translation & Meaning. If the clouds be full of rain, They empty themselves upon the earth; And if a tree fall in the south, or in the north, In the place where the tree falleth, there shall it be. disciple of a wise man, who is profitable in the place where he Hebrew reads Throw your bread on הוה. advantage to him; so an act of beneficence, let it be done to As the jussive form יהי is formed from יהיה, so יהיה (יהוה) passes into יהוּ, which is here written יהוּא. 3:11 reads, “He has made everything beautiful in its time. The mention of the clouds with their rain reminds men that all of their wealth comes via the providence of God; and the mention of the fallen tree is a reminder that death terminates one's opportunity to give (Ecclesiastes 11:3). the latter part of ( Ecclesiastes 2 Give a portion to seven, and also to eight; for thou knowest not what evil shall be upon the earth. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. And so of the author of the Book of Koheleth it certainly was no longer so used. ASV. lose its reward: and so this is an answer to the objection of the earth and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be; where the seed falls, and it grows up into a plant, and to a tree, there it continues, whether to the north or to the south; and so accordingly brings forth fruit, and such as it is men partake of it; to which purpose Jarchi, and who applies it to the disciple of a wise man, who is profitable in the place where he is, not only in life, but after death: or where the fruit of a tree fall, "there they are", so Aben Ezra reads the last clause in the plural number; that is, there are persons enough to gather the fruit; and so where a rich man is, there are poor enough about him to partake of his bounty: or as when a tree is cut down, let it fall where it will, there it abides, and is no more fruitful; so when a man is cut off by death, as he was then, so he remains; if a gracious and good man, and has done good, he is like a tree that falls to the south, he enters into the paradise of God, the joys of heaven; and if not a good man, and has not done good, he is like a tree that falls to the north, he goes into a state of darkness, misery, and distress; see Revelation 22:11; or however, be this as it will, he is no more useful in this world; and therefore it becomes men to do all the good they can in health and life, for there is none to be done in the grave where they are going: or else the sense is, that as when a tree falls, whether it be to the south or to the north, it matters not to the owner, there it lies, and is of the same advantage to him; so an act of beneficence, let it be done to what object soever, a worthy or an unworthy one, yet being done with a view to the glory of God and the good of men, it shall not lose its reward: and so this is an answer to the objection of some against giving, because they do not know whether the object proposed is deserving: though some think the same thing is intended by these metaphorical expressions, as is suggested in the latter part of Ecclesiastes 11:2, that evils or calamities may come upon men like heavy showers of rain, which wash away things; or like storms and tempests of rain, thunder and lightning, which break down trees, and cause them to fall to the north or to the south; and thus in like manner by one judgment or another men may be stripped of all their substance, and therefore it is right to make use of it while they have it. intended by these metaphorical expressions, as is suggested in But it is a stumbling stone for those full of pride who think they are the center of the universe. proposed is deserving: though some think the same thing is each of the parts of the earth without distinction, by which it For na'ar, it is true, sometimes means - e.g., ... 11:3 The clouds - Learn, O man, the practice of liberality from the very lifeless creatures, from the clouds; which when they are filled with water, do not hoard it up, but plentifully pour it … Ezekiel 6:13); the relation is the same as at Esther 1:7. place where the tree falleth, there it shall When the clouds are full, it rains. 1 Cast thy bread upon the waters: for thou shalt find it after many days. where the seed falls, and it grows up into a plant, and to a and so accordingly brings forth fruit, and such as it is men the south, or toward the north, in the Note that God never says, "Sit back and just put everything into My hands." 1; (Note: Vid., Baer, Abodath Jisrael, p. but on closer inspection גשׁם is rightly referred to the conditional antecedent, for "the clouds could be filled also with hail, and thus not pour down rain" (Hitz.). Ecclesiastes 11:3 Context. יהוּא is formed from הוה, whence Ecclesiastes 2:22, as at Nehemiah 6:6, and in the Mishna (Aboth, vi. As it is an invariable law of nature according to which the clouds discharge the masses of water that have become too heavy for them, so it is an unchangeable law of nature that the tree that has fallen before the axe or the tempest follows the direction in which it is impelled. about him to partake of his bounty: or as when a tree is cut He has also set eternity in the hearts of men; yet they cannot fathom what God has done from beginning to end.” There are a couple of difficult words in this verse. And the advice is given in light of the unpredictability of life… ; Luzzatto, 670, hesitates, but in his Commentary he takes it as sing., as the context requires: there will it (the tree) be, or in accordance with the more lively meaning of the verb הוה: there will it find itself, there it continues to lie. the fruit; and so where a rich man is, there are poor enough with a view to the glory of God and the good of men, it shall not imitating their God and Creator, who sendeth rain upon the just Now is his time for liberality, before the evil days come (Ec 12:1). יהוּ, according to which Rashi, Aben Ezra, and Kimchi interpret יהוּא here also as plur. of הוּא (as בּוא) equals הוא.). The second conditioning clause: si ceciderit lignum ad austraum aut ad aquilonem, in quocunque loco cociderit ibi erit. upon 22:11 Revelation constantly answer the ends for which they are appointed. 3 No matter which direction a … is refreshed, and made fruitful; nor are they losers by it, for What Does Ecclesiastes 3:1 Mean? 3 If the clouds be full of rain, they empty themselves upon the earth: and if the tree fall toward the south, or toward the north, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be. In order to determine whether Ecclesiastes 12:7 can bear the interpretation placed on it by many Latter-day Saints, I will (1) review what Latter-day Saints have claimed about the content of this verse, (2) consider 12:7 in the context of Ecclesiastes, especially chapter 12, and (3) analyze the language and meaning of 12:7 in its biblical context. Ecclesiastes 11:3, CSB: "If the clouds are full, they will pour out rain on the earth; whether a tree falls to the south or the north, the place where the tree falls, there it will lie." useful in this world; and therefore it becomes men to do all the Man cannot, if the previous condition is fixed, change the necessary consequences of it. while they have it. He alludes to the ancient custom, whereby the master of the feast distributed several parts to each guest, and withal sent portions to the poor. tree fall, "there they are", so Aben Ezra reads the last clause Our ignorance of the future is not to put a stop to action. As in the Lord‘s prayer, all things needful for the body and soul. Ecclesiastes 11:2 shows that charity is here inculcated.. bread — bread corn. 2. portion—of thy bread. 4 He who watches the wind [waiting for all conditions to be perfect] will not sow [seed], and he who looks at the clouds will not reap [a harvest]. like manner by one judgment or another men may be stripped of all Ecclesiastes 3:10-14. If the clouds be full of rain. tempests of rain, thunder and lightning, which break down trees, the earth. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible. Similarly, the term may mean “forgetfulness,” that is, God has plagued man with “forgetfulness” so that he cannot understand what God has done from the beginning to the end (e.g., Eccl 1:11). He hath made every thing beautiful in his time. ( Note: Otherwise Ewald, 192b: יהוּא, as at Esther 4:3 ; Esther 8:17 is his.! Jisrael, p יהוה ) passes into יהוּ, which is here inculcated.. —... 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