Water is a vital ingredient for growing many crops around the globe, but while the world has enough water, it’s often not in the right places, at the right time. The rural development in Ethiopia has a relatively longer history than many sub-Saharan African countries. The most prominent and enduring economy-wide strategy to guide development effort has been Agricultural-Led Industrialization (ADLI), the Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Program (SDPRP), Participatory and Accelerated Sustainable Development to Eradicate poverty (PASDEP) and successive growth and transformation plans (GTP I and II). The government extension programme lists these as: areas of adequate rainfall; areas of moisture stress; and pastoral areas. As indicated in Table 1 throughout the phases, the interventions are not accessed by all segments of the society, limited to certain geographical areas in terms of coverage and constrained by different institutional factors. Spielman DJ, Kelemwork D, Alemu D. Seed, fertilizer, and agricultural extension in Ethiopia. However, the large-scale adoption of this model has been constrained by factors such as: the inability of the public and private sector research institutions to produce new and location-specific technical knowledge; the inability of the industrial sector to develop and produce new technical inputs; the weakness of the extension facilities and related institutions to diffuse the new techniques; the inadequacy of the infrastructure to facilitate the diffusion of the new inputs; the inability of peasant farmers to acquire new knowledge and use new inputs effectively; and lack of complementary inputs such as irrigation facilities which are needed to make fertilizers and modern varieties more effective [5]. This diversity makes it a favourable region for growing a variety of crops [6]. By African, standard rural development programme has long history in Ethiopia. Agriculture is the backbone of the Ethiopian economy. Cahiers d'Economie et Sociologie Rurales, vol. Yet poverty remains a major challenge. The extent to which farmers adopt available innovations and the speed by which they do so determine the impact of innovations in terms of productivity growth. The programme packages of rural development policy of the country were reviewed over the past three regimes. Ethiopia is also facing a youth bulge. Projects Includes planned, ongoing and closed projects. Exports rely almost entirely on agricultural commodities such as coffee, seeds, pulses and livestock. During the period 1950–1974, the political arena was characterized by absolute monarchism. Paper presented at the National workshop on food strategies for Ethiopia. INRA Department of Economics; 2003. p. 29–50. Rural Development policy of Ethiopia with particular emphasis on: Market-led agricultural development strategy A term paper submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the course GaDS 503 Development Perspectives and Political theories. He/she can not sell it or lease it legally. Agricultural Development Policy in Ethiopia A BaselIne Study in Fedis Awraja Fantu Cheru Bergen, September 1992. Following Ruttan [14], and Hayami and Ruttan [15], the literature on agricultural development can be characterized according to the following models: the frontier; the urban industrial impact; the diffusion; the high pay-off; the induced innovation; and the conservation. Lemma T, Beyene F. Assessment of effectiveness of extension program in Haraghe highlands: the case of maize extension package a research project. Encouraging agricultural growth is therefore an important aspect of agricultural policy in the developing world. Gebreselassie A, Bekele T. A review of Ethiopian agriculture: roles, policy and small-scale farming systems. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 1988. p. 37–187. During the 1974–1991 periods, however, the political environment favoured collective and state farms at the expense of individual farmers. All sources are duly acknowledged. In September, the Heads of the UN’s three Rome-based food agencies visited drought-affect parts of Ethiopia where at least 8.5 million people were in need of food aid. ADLI was built on the development theories of the 1960s in which (smallholder) During the 1974–1991 periods, however, the political environment favoured collective and state farms at the expense of individual farmers. The major factors which make this model highly relevant to Ethiopian agriculture are: the fact that Ethiopia is unable to make widespread use of existing technological backlog due to, mainly, the high costs of generation and diffusion of new techniques of production; the possibility that the improvement approach involves cost-effective techniques of production and capital formation as it is based upon the use of the relatively abundant and that it could delay the operations of the law of diminishing returns as land is saved through labour intensification; and the fact that soil conservation programmes need special attention as the resource base of the agricultural sector is being depleted at an alarming rate due to the fact that the soil erosion and desertification process continue almost unabated [17, 18]. Distorted macroeconomic policies, political unrest and massive villagization and settlement programmes undermined the contribution that the rural development policies could have made. The current government plan to meet that objective is to attract foreign investors to develop lands. Ruttan VW, Hayami Y. Aredo D. The Ethiopian economy: structure problems and policy issues: the relevance of the improvement approach to agricultural growth in Ethiopia; 2002. Tenure security is vital for a successful agricultural development, especially in a country like Ethiopia where 85% … Under the Imperial Era, development policies favoured industrial development, neglecting the agricultural sector and worked mainly with the better-off and commercial farmers in and around major project areas. These strategies intend, among others, to attain food self-sufficiency at national level by increasing productivity of smallholders through research-generated information and technologies, increasing the supply of industrial and export crops and ensuring the rehabilitation and conservation of natural resource base with special consideration of package approach [8,9,10] (Table 1). PubMed Google Scholar. By using this website, you agree to our wooden plough by oxen and sickles); over-reliance on fertilizers and underutilized techniques for soil and water conservation; inappropriate agrarian policy; inappropriate land tenure policy; ecological degradation of potential arable lands; and increases in the unemployment rate due to increases in the population [12]. 2003;18(1):49–83. However, improved weather conditions and measures taken by the government to mitigate the effects of the preceding year’s drought have improved livestock production and productivity during 2016/17. However, there are few remaining areas in Ethiopia today where development along the lines of the frontier model would represent an efficient source of growth. INTRODUCTION Eighty-three percent of the population depends directly on agriculture for their livelihoods, while many others depend on agriculture-related cottage industries such as textiles, And internal problems Hopkins University Press ; 1988. p. 37–187 105 million inhabitants, Ethiopia is obvious putting... According to Roling [ 4 ], rural development models implemented so far in temperate... Development programmes [ 11 ] cent is under 30 and sociocultural considerations ( low land ; climate... Implemented rural development policy of the country appropriate strategy support program II, Ethiopia ; 2011 number: 55 2018! Innovation adoption in agriculture: innovators, early adopters and laggards PIF ) for prioritization... Season and over time framed a sophisticated set of crops, agricultural practices, 71! 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