On December 29, 1937, a new Constitution was introduced, this described Ireland as "a sovereign, independent, democratic state," named Eire. Ireland gained independence from the United Kingdom on December 6, 1921, when representatives of the two states signed the Anglo-Irish Treaty.This agreement provided independence for 26 counties, constituted as the Irish Free State, while six counties of northeast Ulster chose to remain a part of the United Kingdom with limited self-government. The advent of World War I suspended discussions of home rule for both Scotland and Ireland, but in 1922, the Irish Free State managed to successfully break away … Almost any country, finding itself subject to another, would want its freedom and independence. The Irish War of Independence was a guerrilla conflict between the British state and its forces in Ireland and Irish republican guerrillas in the Irish Volunteers or Irish Republican Army. Britain, believing that eventually the Gambia would merge with Senegal, gave the territory revised constitutions in 1954, 1960, and 1962 and finally granted it independence within the Commonwealth in February 1965. Britain relaxed its trade restrictions on Ireland, so they could trade with British colonies and freely export wool, and reformed the government by allowing non-Anglicans to hold public office. DECEMBER 6, 1922: Most of Ireland gained independence from Britain on this day in 1922 following a brutal guerrilla war waged by the IRA against British forces and the police. F OR MOST of the century since Ireland gained independence from Britain, control of the country has alternated between two parties. Independence. Britain ruled Ireland since the 12th century. Political parties were late in developing, but by 1960 there were several demanding independence. The Irish War of Independence ended with the division of Ireland into northern and southern regions in 1922. The war is usually said to have run between 1919 and 1921, but violence both preceded these dates and continued afterwards. Summary. Below are lists of the countries and territories formerly ruled or administered by the United Kingdom or part of the British Empire, with their independence days.Some countries did not gain their independence on a single date, therefore the latest day of independence is shown with a … They repealed the Irish Declaratory Act, which had secured Ireland's dependence on Britain while granting full legislative independence. The northern region remained a … Ireland gained independence from England on December 6, 1921. Northern Ireland, whose people were predominantly protestant, remained part of the UK after controversially being partitioned from the largely Catholic Irish Free State. Unlike America which proclaimed independence unilaterally, Irish independence came about through a negotiated settlement with the British Government in 1921. Despite Independence being gained and the Irish Free State having been established "December 6, 1922", the civil war, beginning in June 1922 lasted until April 1923, in which many people died. That day signifies a 5-year struggle to gain independence from the British Empire. On February …