...read more. The revolutionary inner circle fell back on the ‘Dublin Plan’ for a symbolic stand in the capital and, on Easter Monday, around 1,000 insurgents seized defensive positions. Woodrow Wilson’s reaction to the radicalization of Irish nationalism with the outbreak of the rising in April 1916, secondly, how the State Department and its representatives in Ireland dealt with the outbreak on the ground and finally, it will examine the consequences of the rising for Wilson’s presidency in 1916. The delegates agreed they felt it was a stepping-stone to independence. Thomas Kent . Not the one? "How important was Catholic Emancipation in religion and politics in Englandand Ireland between c1820 ... Join over 1.2 million students every month, Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month. ...read more. Within four days of the rising Thomas Clarke, Padraig Pearse and Thomas Mc Donagh were executed by firing squad on May the third. John_Dorney 4 May, 2011 1916 Special, Interviews, The 1916 Rising In this third and final part of our audio feature on the 1916 Rising, John Dorney talks to historians Padraig Yeates and Fearghal McGarry about the short and long term effects of the rebellion. Because he was born in the U.S. and Britain wanted to maintain good relations with America, his life was spared. Sinn Fein gained a rise in support. 09/04/2013. An Irish Free State was established in 1922. The shape of Irish Politics had been transformed for the rest of the century. Despite the fact that rebel activity had largely been centred on Dublin, martial law was proclaimed and extended across Ireland. Official nationalism mocked Griffith’s ‘green Hungarian band’ but it inspired Republican ‘Dungannon Clubs’ in 1904, founded by two IRB men, Denis McCullough, a Falls Road Catholic, and Bulmer Hobson, a Holywood Quaker. Conference: Easter 1916 – Conflict and Consequences. In 1912 he persuaded the British Parliament to pass a Home Rule Bill giving Ireland limited autonomy. Understand the immediate consequences of the 1916 Rising Describe the impact of the 1916 Rising on the lives of ordinary people (S2. A half-day conference exploring the conflict and consequences of the 1916 Easter Rising. Despite all the unfairness the Catholics had to deal with, this had not been necessary earlier. Development of Irish Nationalism 1798-1921. The 1916 Rising largely ended Irish Party leader John Redmond’s dream of Home Rule. JavaScript seem to be disabled in your browser. Violence and conflict in the 17th century In 1841 England was split by a civil war between King Charles I and Parliament. The main reasons for this swing in support to militant nationalism were the harsh treatment by the British government to the leaders of the rising in 1916, the failure to implement home rule in 1914. The lesson also outlines the immediate impact of the Rising on Irish nationalism by considering how the British response changed public opinion in Ireland. It has been referred to as 'The Irish War for Independence' and was the pivotal event in ultimately securing independence for the Republic of Ireland. The British government Proposed a twenty-six county free state. 1916: The Rising and its impact For many Irish people the Easter Rising was a bolt from the blue but its roots can be traced back over the previous 20 years of … This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section. However the Rising had made the cause of independence more popular as many Irish people were so outraged by the executions that they also began to call for independence from Britain. When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to be a much smaller affair than what had originally been planned. This heavily illustrated book focuses on the events of the 1916 Easter Rising in Ireland, rather than the background and the consequences. There became a nationalist minority in Ulster. The immediate results caused by the surrender of the Rising came into effect almost instantly. a broader understanding of the causes, course and consequences of the 1916 Rising put into practice historical research skills gained experience in working with primary and secondary source material Easter 1916 was written to relive the Easter Rising, an event which occurred in Ireland during Easter in the year 1916 to confirm its independence and national identity from British. While not a commonly known historical event, the Easter Rising of 1916 was a significant turning point in the relations between Ireland and Great Britain. STUDY. Video courtesy of Creative Centenaries/The Nerve Centre. Even some of those who were deported, along with the veterans of the Rising, to English prisons and the Frongoch internment camp in Wales had no previous involvement in … However, the Fenian movement stayed alive throughout the period, and was ready to play an important role in the revival of republicanism after 1914, and played an important role in the 1916 Rising. This lead to many anti home rule riots in 1886. The controversial event of Easter Rising 1916 is an important part of Ireland’s history. As they had inherited the land they would have expected to pass it on to their children to provide them with a livelihood. The author deals well with the immediate and short-term consequences of the Easter Rising but is less convincing when discussing longer-term outcomes. a broader understanding of the causes, course and consequences of the 1916 Rising put into practice historical research skills gained experience in working with primary and secondary source material Who formed the IPP and why. But they shrewdly calculated that their armed uprising would provoke the British into ‘harsh reprisals’ and give their cause its elixir of life. In the 1918 general election won seventy-three seats to the IPP's seven. Somewhat ironically, he won the East Clare by-election caused by the death of Willie Redmond, M.P. They therefore signed the Anglo -Celt treaty in December 1921. Search for your essay title... Outline the main features of Direct Rule and discuss its strengths and weaknesses. During the "rising", the majority of the people were against the rebels. What were the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising Essay Sample In this essay I will outline the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising all short term long term and immediate. These can be categorised into immediate results, short-term results and long term results. What were the short term effects of the 1916 Easter Rising? Created by teachers, our study guides highlight the really important stuff you need to know. Perspectives on 1916 3. In many ways a reaction to ‘the death of Ireland’s hopes’, this ‘Irish-Ireland’ movement revealed itself in a rash of small dynamic groups ranging from cultural societies through the Gaelic League and the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) to Sinn Fein and the ‘Phoenix flame’ of the secret Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB). But the two years before the First World War were to see the emergence of determined Ulster Unionist resistance to Home Rule in the shape of Sir Edward Carson and an armed Ulster Volunteer Force. With the struggle effectively narrowed to Dublin, Pearse and his comrades realised that they had no prospect of military success. Learn more. Even though the IPP was also against this Sinn Fein got the credit. Roger Casement was later put to death in Pentonville Prison, August 1916. © 2003 - 2015 Marked by Teachers. This was perhaps their most surprising and unintended legacy. TheSicilianSage. Ulster Unionists reluctantly accepted realising they had to reach a compromise. By the early 20th century, Ireland’s economic decline had produced widespread misery. Evidence had proven that for years, Catholics felt deprived and oppressed under a small proportion of Protestant landowner and officials. The Rising When the rising broke out on Easter Monday 1916, it was destined to … Eamon de Valera, had been involved in the 1916 Rising and was sentenced to death. Favourite answer. Fifteen rebels were executed in a nine day period between May 3-12. As you go through the full text, be sure to note the passage referring to the "gallant allies in Europe", which in the eyes of the British marked Pearse and his co-revolutionaries as working together with the German Empire. In conjunction with the impact of the First World War, Rees (1998) proposes a combination of causes that led to the Easter Rising, such as the New Nationalism, the Irish Republican Brotherhood, Pearse and the Blood Sacrifice, Connolly and Republican Socialism and Carsonism and the U.V.F. The aftermath of Easter Week 1916. Many hated the destruction which had been caused and the lives that were lost. This then led to Sinn Fein MPs setting up their own illegal government in Dublin the Dail Eireann. It was there that Hobson and McCullough revitalised the IRB, then almost moribund, and recommitted it to Wolfe Tone’s slogan, ‘England’s difficulty is Ireland’s opportunity’. Marked by teacher The General Post Office and other parts of Dublin were seized; street fighting continued for about a week until Tom … 8 years ago. TurnItIn – the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: This essay has been marked by a teacher! As Irish support for the war dropped due to anti- British feeling. Many things changed between 1960 and 1969. The Proclamation of the Irish Republic was read out in front of Dublin's General Post Office on April 24th, 1916 by Patrick Pearse. Eamon de Valera, had been involved in the 1916 Rising and was sentenced to death. Create one now! Both sides came to a truce in 1921. The Dail Eireann was set up and the war of independence was an indirect consequence to the rising. As we look at the country today and think that 90 years have flown since a group of brave men took on the might of an Empire in what to many was a foolish effort to shake off the chains that bound us to what had been our masters for roughly 700 years. Such a Hungarian-style ‘dual monarchy’ could only be achieved by a policy of passive resistance, Griffith argued in his influential press. To most Irish people the Easter Rising came as a ‘bolt from the blue’. Discuss the causes and consequences of the 1916 rising Prior to the 1916 rising, although many Irish people were frustrated at the delay in the passing of a Home Rule Bill, they were satisfied with the idea of Home Rule and so fewer people had an outright nationalist outlook. Ironically, ‘Carson’s Army’ was to ‘reignite the Fenian flame’, presenting the IRB with a heaven-sent opportunity. Dr Éamon Phoenix is a political historian, an Irish News columnist and a member of the Taoiseach’s Expert Advisory Group on Centenaries. Padraig Pearse reads the proclamation of the Irish Republic outside the General Post Office, the rebels’ headquarters. The 1916 Rising had failed to get independence for Ireland. As Ireland commemorates the centennial of the Easter Rising, this course will investigate the causes, planning, implementation, and consequences of the 1916 rebellion. Effects of the Rebellion; 1. The first consequence is the actual failure of the Rising and the death toll that it brought. These riots were when working class unionists in Belfast took more. This six week course at the WEA Sydney examines whether the 1916 Rising was another ‘glorious defeat’ or the birth-pains of a new nation and will explore the motives, methods and mythologies of this crucial event in the history of modern Ireland. ", Get the day's headlines delivered directly to your inbox, 1916: Belfast unionist watched rebellion unfold from Gresham Hotel. Seán Heuston played a prominent role in the 1916 Easter Rising by leading a small band of young recruits who managed to hold off the advance of the British Army for nearly three days. E2 LO.8) One of the main and lasting effects … Name causes-world war one-delay of home rule-potato famine, rise in nationalism. When MacNeill welcomed Carson’s defiance of British authority in a striking article, ‘The North Began’ in 1913, the IRB urged him to form an Irish Volunteer Force on UVF lines. Outside of Dublin, the other main place where the Easter Rising took place was in Ashbourne, County Meath. These factors, along with the threat of conscription — and later the horror of the 1916 executions — would compound the consequences of the Easter Rising. Reserved: Matters that concern issues such as policing they would not normally be the responsibility of a devolved local assembly. In a widely expanded version of the supplement that appeared in The Irish Times in March to commemorate the 90th Anniversary, The 1916 Rising recreates the actual course of events during that tumultuous week, based on contemporary witne The civilian population was by no means uniformly hostile to the Rising, even during Easter week. The Rising at first engendered strong feelings of hostility among Irish nationalists, many of whose relatives were fighting on the Western Front. It was only when the best-laid plans began to go wrong over the Easter weekend, with the capture of Casement and MacNeill’s last-minute attempt to prevent a Rising, that the element of ‘blood sacrifice’ became paramount. The Belfast ‘young Turks’ wer soon joined by Sean MacDermott from Co Leitrim who worked as a Belfast tram-driver, and the old Tyrone Fenian, Tom Clarke. What were the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising? The Easter Rising ended in failure on the 29th of April 1916, and with it a failure to invoke any feelings of discontent in the Irish people. Finally, in September 1914 the Irish Volunteers split over Redmond’s support for recruitment. Keep in mind that while a good writing service should be affordable to you, it definitely shouldn’t be the cheapest you can find. Get Full Access Now The 1916 Rising was not supported by the majority of Dublin people at the time. Sign up to view the whole essay and download a PDF with full teacher's notes. After the Rising. Answer Save. The Easter Rising (Irish: Éirí Amach na Cásca), also known as the Easter Rebellion, was an armed insurrection in Ireland during Easter Week in April 1916. The Rising was originally intended as a successful national revolt involving all Ireland. Direct Rule contains three types of legislation: Excepted: Matters always beyond the remit of any devolved administration e.g. Many claims have been made for the legacy of the Easter Rising. Easter rising 1916: conflict and consequences. Michael Collins and Arthur Griffith attended a conference in London to discuss Ireland's future. The Easter Rising of 1916 Essay 1478 Words | 6 Pages. currency and foreign policy. The effects of war as a theme in W.B.Yeats’s Easter 1916 and An Irish Airman Foresees His Death Easter 1916 and An Irishman Foresees His Death are poems which were written by William Butler Yeats. The big immediate consequence of the Easter rising was the execution of the leaders. Initially, many Irish people resented the rebels for the destruction and death caused by the uprising. Indeed, much of the background planning for 1916 took place in Belfast after 1905. 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Charles Stuart Parnell formed the Irish Parliamentary Party in 1882 to promote land reform and Home Rule. I'm unsure of what would be considered short term and long term effect so if you could share any short term effects that you know I would appreciate it. All Rights Reserved. PRONI was pleased to host a half-day conference exploring the Easter Rising on 22 April 2016. The main reason more people began to support Sinn Fein was in 1918 when the British government tried to implement conscription to Ireland. 5 April – 10 May. The rising was a symptom of the failure of Home Rule. But its aftermath and, in particular, the execution of 15 of the leaders, followed by Casement, rapidly transformed public opinion. The Rising was launched by Irish republicans against British rule in Ireland with the aim of establishing an independent Irish Republic while the United Kingdom was fighting the First World War. Background to the Rising The Irish Republican Brotherhood (IRB) Garden of Remembrance The garden is dedicated to the people who died during the Easter Rising and was opended on its 50th anniversary. Two other groups shaped by the Gaelic League’s philosophy were Arthur Griffith’s tiny but vital Sinn Fein movement and the revolutionary IRB. Many saw it as ‘a wicked German plot’. However as the war of independence raged on it became apparent Ireland could not defeat Britain and Britain could not cope with guerrilla warfare. 24 April 1916: The Rising begins on Easter Monday. In the short term the uprising was a failure because the rebels failed to achieve their aims of acquiring an independent Irish Republic. The opening salvo of the Easter Rising was rhetorical, the violence that accompanied the week-long rebellion was (or became retrospectively) steeped in symbolism: for many nationalists in Ireland, the revolutionary moment in 1916 represented the birth of the nation and the independent Irish state. Instead, there was nought but outrage for the extensive damage done to the country’s capital, with the general belief that ‘the British will never grant home rule now.’ Firstly before 1960 Catholics pursued peaceful methods, inspired by The American Civil Rights Movement, the Northern Ireland civil rights association began. In 1969 The British Government sent the army into Northern Ireland to "Prevent a Civil War". The Rising was suppressed after seven days of fighting and its leaders were court martialled and executed, but the rebellion succeeded in bringing confrontational republicanism back to the forefront of Irish minds. Both Gladstone and Parnell underestimated the Protestants of Ulster. This event is organised by PRONI. or Which made it seem more and more likely Ulster would be separated from home rule. Already have an account? Home Rule was no longer acceptable. Relevance. This led to increased support for militant nationalism. Yet these revolutionary stirrings seemed insignificant at a time when the Home Rule Party not only dominated Nationalism but , thanks to its alliance with the British Liberal Government , seemed set to achieve all-Ireland Home Rule. To what extent was the 1916 Easter Rising successful in achieving its aim for Irish independence?. Ireland' keeping it devoutly Catholic and rural as the rest of Europe moved on. The surrender of the rebels who were involved in the Easter Rising in April 1916 resulted in many consequences. Speakers . The Easter rising left a legacy of anti British feeling. When the fighting was over, the British were amazed and disgusted that they had allowed themselves to be stopped for so long by such a small group of rebels. This led to increased support for militant nationalism. It examines the impact of the Rising within the United Kingdom, the British Empire, North America and Australasia and provides a fresh context to recently published work on key figures such as James Connolly and Padraig Pearse. The causes and consequences of the 1916 Easter Rising are still a matter of dispute. In his home in central Dublin, John Dillon, deputy leader of the Home Rule Party, wrote: "Dublin is full of most extraordinary rumours and I have no doubt that the Clan men [ie the Irish Republican Brotherhood] are planning some devilish business.". The immediate results caused by the surrender of the Rising came into effect almost instantly. The most important consequence of 1916 was its impact on Irish nationalism. Although the rising was largely confined to Dublin and was successfully thwarted, it set in train a series of events that led to the outbreak of a war of independence between 1919 and 1921. As one observer wrote: "A few unknown men, shot in a barrack yard, had embittered a whole nation. Workers' Educational Association Sydney. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. The fourth lesson in the module looks at the aftermath of Easter week. British reaction to the Easter Rising was unrelenting across the country. The idea of having a "perfect family" in which women did not work outside the home was cemented in society. The Real IRA continues to live on, nationalist persecution in Ulster and continued anti-British feeling. Name consequences-Anglo Irish War-rise of Sinn Fein. This event is organised by PRONI. As the IVF swelled to 180,000 members, the countdown to the Rising had begun. Ruán O'Donnell's The Impact of the 1916 Rising: Among the Nations `The Impact of the 1916 Rising: Among the Nations', is an excellent collection of essays by some of the best Irish historians working today dealing with different areas of the Easter Rising of 1916 … The legacy of which continues to live on. In 1912 he persuaded the British Parliament to pass a Home Rule Bill giving Ireland limited autonomy. The Public Record Office of Northern Ireland (PRONI) is the official archive for Northern Ireland. Sinn Fein gained a rise in support. The Irish Rising of 1916 is no exception” (Lyons, 1985, p. 329). Sinn Fein (‘We Ourselves’), formed in 1905, argued that an independent Ireland could unite Orange and Green by retaining the Crown as a ‘personal link’ between Britain and Ireland. Speakers . Tough GCSE topics broken down and explained by out team of expert teachers, Learn the art of brilliant essay writing with help from our teachers, Get your head around tough topics at A-level with our teacher written guides, Start writing remarkable essays with guidance from our expert teacher team, Understand the tough topics in IB with our teacher written Study Guides, Learn the art of brilliant essay writing from our experienced teachers, Struggling with an assignment? In the early 1900s, Ireland was governed by the parliament of the United Kingdom and under the rule of Great Britain [1].A campaign in Ireland began in 1870 and continued through 1918, the end of World War 1, called the Home Rule Movement. PRONI was pleased to host a half-day conference exploring the Easter Rising on 22 April 2016. The 1916 Rising largely ended Irish Party leader John Redmond’s dream of Home Rule. This book is a collection of fresh research on neglected aspects of the 1916 Rising by established and new scholars. In this essay I will outline the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising all short term long term and immediate. PLAY. The Rising brought the revolutionary tradition from the margins to the centre of Irish politics, reviving insurrection as a viable strategy. However the Rising had made the cause of independence more popular as many Irish people were so outraged by the executions that they also began to call for independence from Britain. Its dream was of a Gaelic-speaking independent Ireland, and it soon became – in the words of the 1916 Proclamation signatory Patrick Pearse – a ‘school for separatists’, creating the atmosphere for the Easter Rising. Lv 7. Education was seen as a threat and it was discouraged by having restrictive employment practices so that the educated could not find work. Easter rising 1916: conflict and consequences. The plot remained ‘the conspiracy of a minority’ centred on Clarke, Mac Dermott and Pearse. Civil war quickly followed and did not end until May 1923. The commemoration of the Rising in 1966. When the treaty was brought back to the Dail it caused a bitter split erupting in civil war. This demonstrates that initially, differences in religion brought together protest for the Act on its own, when Catholics and Protestants were conflicting over whether the former should receive the same rights as the latter. The Easter Rising of 1916 The Easter Rising of 1916 had profound and far-reaching effects on Ireland's subsequent history. Then up to May the twelfth a further twelve leaders were shot including James Connolly. Ireland's incredible economic success has left many countries in complete fascination. The siege mentality of the Unionists and the way that Republicans in the North saw themselves as second class citizens led to feelings of hatred and rivalry between Catholics and Protestants in the North. John Redmond, who had worked all his life for home rule though parliamentary means said that the Rising … The next two chapters chart contrasting responses to the aftermath—one detailing shifts in attitude in an Australian Catholic newspaper between 1916 and 1919; the other analysing the rise, triumph, and demise of New Zealand’s virulent Protestant Political Association. Understand the immediate consequences of the 1916 Rising Describe the impact of the 1916 Rising on the lives of ordinary people (S2. This encouraged generations to continue the fight against British occupation. Yet its complex strands can be traced back over the previous 20 years of Irish history. When Gladstone promised Home Rule for Ireland in 1886, many Irish Protestants decided to organise an energetic campaign against it. 4 Answers. WHILE Dubliners enjoyed the Spring sunshine on Easter Sunday 1916 and the British military repaired to the Fairyhouse races, one man felt uneasy. A half-day conference exploring the conflict and consequences of the 1916 Easter Rising. There was ongoing bitterness in Irish politics, ongoing support for militant nationalism. ...read more. Home rule was now dead. The Rising. This could Causes And Consequences Of 1916 Rising Essay be challenging as there are plenty of options available, and not all of them are Causes And Consequences Of 1916 Rising Essay equally great. Later paragraphs lack detail and the conclusion could have referred to key ideas in the essay more. There can be no doubt that the response of the British government to the Rising contributed measurably to the further alienation of Irish public opinion. The 1916 Easter Rising paved the way for the creation of the Irish Free State in 1922. Nationalists rejected the government of Ireland act. …the rising took place, on Easter Monday 1916, only about 1,000 men and women were actually engaged. Description. The surrender of the rebels who were involved in the Easter Rising in April 1916 resulted in many consequences. 4 out of 5 stars. Log in now! The rising was a symptom of the failure of Home Rule. The effects of war as a theme in W.B.Yeats’s Easter 1916 and An Irish Airman Foresees His Death Easter 1916 and An Irishman Foresees His Death are poems which were written by William Butler Yeats. The rising made Britain realise that it had to compromise and Ulster Unionists they could not continue to have it their own way. In this essay I will outline the consequences of the 1916 Easter rising all short term long term and immediate. The Easter Rising of 1916 is considered by many to be the turning point of Irish history; the pinnacle moment after which an entire country would be ‘changed, changed utterly.’ This is not, however, entirely true. Outside of Dublin, the other main place where the Easter Rising took place was in Ashbourne, County Meath. These can be categorised into immediate results, short-term results and long term results. Sir Roger Casement, a former British diplomat, was despatched to Germany to seek arms and men; a Military Council was established which, by January 1916, had been expanded to include the Belfast-based Socialist, James Connolly. Easter 1916: Ireland's Republican Uprising, Its Causes and Effects. Dublin’s slums were recognized as some of the worst in the world. Learn the basics with our essay writing guide. In the 1918 General Election, Sinn Féin won 73 seats, the Unionists took 26 and the Irish Party was virtually wiped out, with only six seats. Fearghal McGarry (Queen's University, Belfast) - The outcome of the Rising; Tim Bowman (University of Kent) – The British Army in the Rising; Because he was born in the U.S. and Britain wanted to maintain good relations with America, his life was spared. In reality, it was not so much the insurrection itself as it was the aftermath which decided the fate of the island of Ireland. Easter Rising causes and consequences. A provisional Irish government was proclaimed. Perhaps the most important single factor in the making of ‘1916’ was the steady growth of a new, advanced form of nationalism in the years after Parnell’s death in 1891. The insurgent leaders could now rely on the support of the IRB, the breakaway Volunteers (about 11,000 men) and Connolly’s 200-strong Irish Citizen Army. (brother of John). It led to the creation of the Irish Proclamation and marked a step in the journey towards independence for Ireland. I have concluded that the Easter Rising was one of the most important episodes in Irish history. The British government proposed the 26 county free state and it was accepted. 1870 Butt founds the Home Rule Party Self-government - he was committed to the British connection. 1916: Who were the main figures involved?