The 31st Infantry Division ("Dixie") was an infantry division of the United States Army National Guard, active almost continuously from 1917 to 1968. Japanese that was presented to NARA in April 2006. [8], Elements of the division remained in France for several months longer, however.     The following link goes to the returned to camp. The 31st Infantry Division served for 245 days in Combat in the The Asiatic Pacific Theater of operations; during this time they served in the campaigns of NEW GUINEA, and the SOUTHERN PHILIPPINES. extensive database of POWs of the Japanese and the ADBC database of POWS of the Mobilized during the Korean War, the division served stateside at Camp Atterbury and Camp Carson. During the height of the Civil rights movement, Mississippi elements of the division were called up to restore order during the Ole Miss riot of 1962, while Alabama elements were Federalized to ensue school integration during 1963 and to keep order during the Selma to Montgomery marches of 1965. First, read the cover memorandum that sent the roster to the Crews The 7th Infantry Division is an active duty infantry division of the United States Army based at Joint Base Lewis-McChord charged with sustaining the combat readiness of two Stryker brigade combat teams, a combat aviation brigade, a division … Hq. This file includes links a PDF copy of the original draft of 300 Battery, Harbor Defenses of Manila and Subic Bays - This link goes to the San Francisco and then by ship to Manila. Between 17 and 23 December 1939, the division staff conducted supplementary winter training at Jackson Barracks to prepare for the upcoming Louisiana Maneuvers. document is unusual in that it is dated May 26, 1942 (16 days after the formal 45th Infantry Regiment (PS). format as the serial number appears in the NARA Database of World War II POWs. & Hq. full-size of the first two photos. Gen. Also, the chart containing the data on confirmed the data with microfilms that he and John Eakin purchased. It was mobilized in 1940 during World War II, and spent several years training in the United States. 19th assignments and notes giving each person's status at the end of the war. 17th Ordnance Taikoku The 31st was reorganized in 1923 with national guardsmen from Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi. The 155th Regiment fought in World War I while assigned to the 39th Infantry Division. The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. After-Action Report and G-3 Journal, 31st Infantry Division, NARA. The 106th Trench Mortar Battery and part of the 106th Sanitary Train sailed on 2 and 15 January, respectively. Advanced Infantry Officers Course at Ft. Benning, GA in 1947-1948. After the errors in serial numbers and the fact that many names were not in correct and POW Camp Roster links for Fukuoka #4-B and "Moji Hospitals". The reason this roster contains so many names is that Bilibid The division was ordered reduced to a record cadre on 29 October, although the 56th Field Artillery Brigade was detached to Camp Coëtquidan for training. As a result, the 61st Brigade included the 121st and 122nd Infantry with the 117th Machine Gun Battalion, the 62nd included the 123rd and 124th Infantry with the 118th Machine Gun Battalion, and the 56th included the 116th, 117th, and 118th Field Artillery Regiments with the 106th Trench Mortar Battery. [2] On 15 March 1918, Major General Francis H. French became division commander; he was replaced by Major General LeRoy S. Lyon two months later. of American POWs in the Pacific 1941-1945 by E. Bartlett Kerr. Florida units trained at Camp J. Clifford R. Foster, Alabama units at Camp McClellan, Mississippi units at Camp Shelby, and Louisiana and sometimes Mississippi units at Camp Beauregard. Movements of the 31st Infantry Regiment (US) - This document is a monograph written by Major Everett V. Mead while he was a student in Class #2 of the Advanced Infantry Officers Course at Ft. Benning, GA in 1947-1948. explanations that may help people that are not familiar with military "lingo". Alfred R. Young, Jr. (son of S/Sgt. [9], Blanding became Chief of the National Guard Bureau on 30 January 1936 and was temporarily replaced by Louisiana Brigadier General Louis F. Guerre during his tenure in that position, which lasted until 30 January 1940.     This letter was in response to a request from the Adjutant US Navy aircraft from the USS The unit is rare in that it was formed and has spent most of its life on non-American soil. The 155th Infantry Regiment, formed in Mississippi, is the 7th oldest Regiment in the US Army. The division was helped by the Filipino troops under the Philippine Commonwealth Army and Philippine Constabulary units and the local organized Christian and Islamic guerrillas fight the Japanese. Japanese" web site. The 31st "Dixie" Division has seen a lot of action. to load. that celebration. information about some of the men that were intended to go to Camp Casisang, the Location changed 1 February 1979 to Northport, Alabama. Bowler buried these papers in the POWs were moved again. Note:  References to the Personnel that moved in the [6] Due to a personnel shortage caused by heavy casualties suffered in the Meuse–Argonne Offensive, the 31st Division was ordered skeletonized on 17 October, and two days later the division headquarters, both infantry brigades, the 116th Machine Gun Battalion, 106th Supply Train, and 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police moved to Le Mans, with some units relocating through the Loches area, while the remaining units were detached from the division when they arrived at Brest. The 31st was demobilized in 1954 and reorganized in Alabama and Mississippi. - This link goes to Roger Mansell's "Center for Research, Allied POWS Under the Fukuoka #4-B, Moji and General of the Army for information about POWs that died during the Oryoku Maru/Enoura 31st Infantry Division – “Dixie Division” Back to all Infantry Divisions. Alerted on 25 June 1944 for movement to Aitape, New Guinea, the 124th RCT left Oro Bay and landed at Aitape 3–6 July 1944. includes the listing these men. HARR, Harry R. [posthumously] Rank and organization: Corporal, U.S. Army, Company D, 124th Infantry, 31st Infantry Division.     The following link goes to the Clyde Maru page on Jim He used records from NARA that Roger Mansell provided and Alfred R. 1942 Monthly Personnel Roster. They come from the National Archives (Record Group 407 Box 88, the Campaigns: New Guinea, Southern Philippines. Its headquarters was organized and Federally recognized on 15 October of that year, stationed at St. Augustine, Florida, under the command of Major General Albert H. Blanding of Florida. done a fantastic job of researching and compiling data concerning these POWs Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron slower loading. remainder of this information was provided by Robert L "Bob" Hudson. No units were deployed, but individuals representing three-fourths of the authorized strength were sent to either Korea or Japan as replacements. Information from the notebook has been placed in a 4th Infantry Division – Ivy Division. The first echelon moved by rail to POWs that were being moved from other camps in the the "Serial Number" field and search. Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 31st Brigade, 30th Armored Division was reorganized and redesignated 1 November 1973 as Headquarters and Headquarters Company, 31st Armored Brigade, and relieved of assignment from the 30th Armored Division. The 156th Infantry Regiment of the Louisiana National Guard was separated from the 31st Division on 14 July 1942. NAME: Service # Rank: Unit-Occupation: ABBOT, WILLARD J: Civilian: ABEYTA, GILBERT O: 18016081: Pfc. Archives database of World War II POWs of the Japanese, Roger Mansell's Arisan Maru Roster by This information was complied by the on an airfield on Palawan Island received a message that an American convoy was This has been called "the 90-Division … Commanders: Maj. Gen. John C. Persons (25 November 1940 – September 1944), Maj. Gen. Headquarters and Headquarters Battery, 31st Infantry Division Artillery, 31st Cavalry Reconnaissance Troop (Mechanized), Headquarters, Special Troops, 31st Infantry Division, Headquarters Company, 31st Infantry Division, 31st Counterintelligence Corps Detachment, 1st Medium Tank Battalion (Patton), 198th Armor, 1st Howitzer Battalion (105mm/155mm SP), 114th Artillery, 2nd Howitzer Battalion (105mm/155mm SP), 114th Artillery, 3rd Rocket Howitzer Battalion (Honest John/8 in), 114th Artillery, 1st Howitzer Battalion (105mm/155mm Towed), 117th Artillery, 2nd Howitzer Battalion (105mm/155mm Towed), 117th Artillery, 1st Howitzer Battalion (105mm/155mm Towed), 203rd Artillery, Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment and 31st Infantry Division Band, 31st Infantry Division Military Police Company, 131st Supply and Transportation Battalion. The 31st Infantry Division … Mansell - This link goes to the "LIST OF ALL JAPANESE PW CAMPS" page of Roger Mansell's "Center for Research, Allied POWS Under the Lorna's father, Pfc. WW2 : 31st Division … 3rd Pursuit Squadron - This page provides images of pages from a - This link goes to the web site to see a copy of the March 31, Called into federal service: 25 November 1940; Camp Blanding, Florida (National Guard Division from Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi). By the end of the war, the nation had fielded nearly one hundred. obtained from Roger Mansell's files by Bob Hudson. Japanese" web site. Roster    Activated in 1942 at Camp Shelby, Mississippi, the 337th Infantry Regiment was the lead infantry regiment of the 85th Infantry or "Custer" Division. The 56th Field Artillery Brigade sailed with the remaining infantry and trains between 14 and 28 October, and landed at Brest between 25 October and 9 November, except for the 124th Infantry, which landed in England on 24 October. After arriving at Camp Merritt on 20 December, they moved to Camp Gordon on 1 January 1919, where the record cadre and 56th Brigade demobilized on 14 January. a final voyage from Takao to Moji, Japan aboard the Brazil Maru for the In 1968 the division was eliminated, with its units becoming part of the 30th Armored Division. Detachment. [11], After the Korean War broke out in 1950, the division was called to active duty on 16 January 1951 at Birmingham. Fred Baldassarre of the Battling Bastards of Bataan organization. Hellship Roster links for Clyde Maru, Nagara Maru, Pacifis Maru and Yuzan Maru; Squadron - This link goes to the roster page of the 7th Material Squadron, Col. (then Major) Robert V. Bowler had a three-page document Eugene Nielsen, was one of the survivors. Wake - This link goes to Roger Mansell's "Center for Research, Allied POWS The 106th Trench Mortar Battery of the brigade relocated to Vitrey on 4 November, preceded by the 106th Field Signal Battalion, which left for the Signal Corps Replacement Depot at Cour-Cheverny on 30 October.,, Hq. #3 - When most of the U.S. Navy ships departed the Philippines after the each name. After the war the Philippine Division was re-organized as the 12th Infantry Division… second echelon flew from Albuquerque to Clark Field, PI in 26 B-17 bombers. Yuzan Maru page on Jim Erickson's "POWs of the Japanese" web site: Bilibid Transfer Roster died while they were Prisoners of War held by the Japanese. - This document is written like a diary and is called a "Record of Events" [2], On 1 September, the 31st was reorganized in accordance with the tables of organization of 8 August, which called for a square division with four infantry regiments. Added on 06/08/2013:  Jim Erickson Korean : 104 th Anti-Aircraft Automatic Weapons Bn, 104 AAA, Basic Training book @ Camp Atterbury 043. the others became POWs. 1944 about 225 miles east of Hong Kong. The Division minus RCT 323 invaded Angaur Island in the Palau group, 17 September, and pushed through to the … 7th Material The notebook states that it was During the latter month, 2,000 men, including 1,200 from Camp Travis, joined the 31st. those with high-speed internet connections. … 200th & 515th CA The images were The division staff, which included men from all four states, conducted joint summer training at Camp McClellan between 1924 and 1926 and 1929 and 1931, Camp Beauregard in 1927, Camp Foster in 1928, and Fort Oglethorpe, Georgia, in addition to participation in multiple corps area and army command post exercises, including the September 1936 Third Army command post exercise at San Antonio. civilian, liberated from Bilibid in February of 1945. check again later if you do not find what you want. The guerrilla leader Click on the "thumbnail" to see the able to swim across the bay and join guerrillas. Link #2 Oryoku in CSV - recommended for those with As the introduction states, the site is updated often, so     Alphabetical Index Japanese destroyed Cavite Naval Base, this squadron with its six PT boats -  Robert L. Hudson Readers can refer to the maps in "The Fall of the Philippines" by files, so give them plenty of time to open. The 31st Infantry Division arrived in Oro Bay, New Guinea, 24 April 1944, and engaged in amphibious training prior to entering combat. April 9, 1942. It was carrying 1,800 POWs at the On the latter date, the Advance Detachment of the division sailed from Hoboken, arriving at Brest on 7 October. Those images may be seen on his web site, The 31st Division as an active service formation was then inactivated, with its personnel and equipment transferring to the 8th Infantry Division on 15 June. The 106th Field Signal Battalion departed Bordeaux on 18 April, and the last units of the division overseas, the 106th Engineers and 106th Supply Train, returned to the United States on 5 July. WW2 : 31 st Awards received by members of the Division in WW2. Hornet attacked the Oryoku Maru many times on December 14th as it moved north on Luzon Island. [1] On 18 July, the War Department designated the National Guard troops of these three states to form the 31st Division. other. 57th Infantry Regiment (PS). Japanese guards managed to kill some of the escapees; however, eleven men were Possibly at Camp Funston. survived the Oryoku Maru/Enoura Maru/Brazil Maru series of Hellship voyages and Infantry Unit Rosters and Unit Photos. The 106th Sanitary Train, which had remained at Brest, relocated to Camp de Souge on 25 November, and thence to the American Embarkation Center at Le Mans in December, where it was skeletonized. Ike Thomas, Medical Dept, gasoline was poured into each end of the shelters and the gasoline was ignited. North China Marines - joined that unit later. the men in "Second POW Company" in Camp Casisang POW Camp were allowed by the first echelon are listed in Special Orders #135 dated September 20, 1941. along the western coast of Bataan and they returned to finish the job on     On December 14, 1944 the Japanese commander of POWs working and in his book, My Father's Captivity. During the maneuvers, held in the Kisatchie National Forest during August 1940, the 31st operated as part of IV Corps against VIII Corps. Search this site powered by FreeFind Visitors since 01/01/2004. - This link gives information about the consolidation of Senior American 1st Provisional Tank Group - This group Regt. been made to name spelling, name sequencing and serial numbers. time. Jim's father, Maj. Albert W. Erickson, In WWII … Organization Day Celebration - On September 20, 1942, 042. provide easier reading, but the drawback is that it is very large and much Bombardment Group - In September 1941, the 19th Bombardment Group was has roster, is the most complete Bilibid liberation to date. Gp. World War II Young American Patriots, 1941-1945 World War II Navy, Marine Corps, and Coast Guard Casualties, 1941-1945 World War II Japanese-American Internment Camp Documents, 1942-1946 WWII U.S. Navy Aircraft Carrier Muster Rolls, 1939-1949 U.S. WWII … Click on the name of each unit to see an alphabetical list Fort Mills, Corregidor     Photos of Camp Casisang - These photos additional information about the men in those two units that may help persons POWs were moved again. February 2003. The headquarters company of the 2nd Brigade became the headquarters company of the new 31st Brigade.[11]. About 550 POWs survived to reach - Rail Movement Taiwan since the end of World War II). Regt. Oryoku Maru Roster by Jim Erickson and scroll down to the [2] Kernan was replaced by 56th Field Artillery Brigade commander Brigadier General John L. Hayden, the senior brigade commander, on 18 September. During the interwar period, the division was organized in accordance with a square organization similar to its World War I structure, although a separate headquarters for Special Troops (Military Police, Signals, Ordnance, and Armor) was created and medical and quartermaster regiments added. The division returned to the United States and was inactivated at Camp Stoneman on 21 December. assignments and notes giving each person's status at the end of the war. MacArthur Museum, and a list of civilians interned at Bilibid contributed by following links to see transcriptions of the "Menu" and "Roster" plus and [3], The division included the 61st and 62nd Infantry Brigades and the 56th Field Artillery Brigade by the end of the concentration period. survivors of the Enoura Maru bombing.     Second Echelon - B-17 After being strengthened by Selective Service draftees, the division participated in the IV Corps Louisiana Maneuvers in August 1941, the GHQ maneuvers near Good Hope Church between September and October as part of IV Corps, and the First Army Carolina Maneuvers near Ruby and Chesterfield, South Carolina during October and November as part of IV Corps, before returning to Blanding.[9]. The 56th Field Artillery Brigade left to train at Camp Jackson on 24 July, while the 2nd Battalion, 122nd Infantry relocated to Camp Greene on 20 August. Dutch POWs such as serial numbers, ranks and unit associations. As Allied Forces got closer, these [7], The division headquarters, the 61st and 62nd Brigades, the 116th Battalion, and 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police were skeletonized early in November. Memorandum    He used records from NARA that Roger Mansell provided and 31st Infantry Division "Dixie" WW2 & Korea. 19th Bomb. Roster by Jim Erickson The Memorandum date (2 January 1945) obviously vicinity of Malaybalay in May 1942 and returned early in July 1945 to dig up and In mid-August the division began to stage for a landing on Morotai, leaving Aitape and Maffin Bay, 11 September 1944. The 81st Infantry Division landed in Hawaii, 11 June-8 July 1944. WW2 : 31st Division History Book 1945 : 044. written by Major Everett V. Mead while he was a student in Class #2 of the The division made an assault landing on Morotai, 15 September 1944, meeting only light opposition. USMA On 22 April 1945, the division landed on Mindanao to take part in the liberation of the Philippines. information (when available) about each POW's prior camp and the "Hellship" Roster . [5], For duty with the Services of Supply, the 106th Engineers, without Train, relocated from Le Havre to Brest on 4 October. Bilibid and held there until their ship was ready for departure. "Bob" Hudson). In WWI they fought in the Meuse-Argonne, Vaquois Hill and the Verdun operations among others. Zoom in as needed. 1944 of the northwest coast of Mindanao. Shinyo Maru As you are all aware, most all of the 30th Division … survivors. Camp. 31st Infantry Division "Dixie" 32nd Infantry Division: 33rd Infantry Division : 34th Infantry Division : 35th Infantry Division : 36th Infantry Division : 37th Infantry Division : 38th Infantry Division [ 39th Infantry Division - Did not exist during WWII ] 40th Infantry Division . Note: all items except the this link - • Called into federal service: 25 November 1940; Camp Blanding, Florida (National Guard Division from Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, and Mississippi). Comprehensive 30th Division Roster.  Then click on "Chapter 6  of all personnel in both orders are below. surviving POWs were allowed to jump overboard and swim to shore, the Oryoku Maru It was carrying 750 POWs that had crew members of MTB Sqdn 3. The unit was sent to England and then to Oran, Algiers where they were redesignated the 202nd Infantry Battalion and assigned military police duties due to the large number of French speaking members in the unit. (H) site. Guam Rosters Part IV - Other Files (Provided by Robert L. It discusses the movements of the 31st … With the end of hostilities on 15 August, the 31st and the Philippine Commonwealth military were accomplished the surrender of all Japanese forces remaining in Mindanao. destroyed on April 15, 1942. Japanese to celebrate a combined Organization Day for Headquarters & WW2 : 31 st Awards received by members of the Division in WW2. Though the regiment did not experience combat in … First echelon on the submarine, USS Narwhal. underlined are links to additional information about that camp and many include hours of the end of the "Great Raid", probably on a field typewriter and on a Only nine POWs survived and one of those died within the next two Portions of the unit participated in the D-Day landings with the entire unit being reunited on 24 June 1944. General Hospital #2, (Bataan) ADAMO, FRANK S: O&181315 sank. Click here to start. Commemorative Research Project of Proviso East High School, Illinois. By 21 July, the division fielded 24,000 men, with its officers mostly from the Organized Reserve Corps and the National Army. stationed in Albuquerque, NM when it was ordered to move to the Philippines. The of those interned in Bilibid. weeks. Then the POWs were herded in to their air raid shelters, notebook as provided by Bob Hudson.     The Arisan Maru was torpedoed by USS Shark on October 24, For training, the division was directed to concentrate at Camp Wheeler on 3 August; the Alabama, Florida, and Georgia National Guards were drafted into federal service two days later. [3], The division began its overseas movement in September, relocating via Camp Mills to the Brooklyn, Hoboken, and New York Ports of Embarkation. Erickson's "POWs of the Japanese" web site: at the National Archives. This roster contains 1284 list of maps. Young) has provided images of the "Menu" and "Roster" that were prepared for manifest. This file is in chart form to [19] In 2002 it started transitioning to a chemical brigade, initially designated the 122nd. 31st Division (American Expeditionary Forces) 120.9.3 31st Infantry Regiment 98.3.2, 391.5.5 32d Division (American Expeditionary Forces) 120.9.3 32d Infantry Regiment 98.3.2, 391.5.5 32d parallel 48.6 33d Division … Yuzan Maru Roster by Jim Erickson added to the spreadsheet. Philippine Islands to Formosa (Taiwan) or Japan were routinely moved first to Meanwhile, the remainder of the division relieved the 6th Infantry Division in the Sarmi-Wakde island area, 18 July 1944, built bridges, roads, and docks, patrolled the area, and engaged small units of the enemy, trying not to provoke a large scale counterattack by the enemy. web site to see a copy of the January 31, 1942 Monthly Personnel In November 2002 the brigade was redesignated the 31st Chemical Brigade. [4] During October, the division was reinforced with 10,000 men from Alabama, Florida, and Georgia, transferred from Camps Gordon, Jackson, and Pike, as it began systematic training on 22 October. The division headquarters (aboard the USS Orizaba), most of the infantry, the 106th Field Signal Battalion, and the 106th Train Headquarters and Military Police sailed between 30 September and 11 October. CSV (Comma Separated Values) format is not as easy to read. Memorial Foundation of New Mexico web site. William E. Bowen, was one of Join Our Newsletter. small field table (about 24"X36") and not far from the front lines of combat Click on the The alphabetical index provides This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 00:49. Necessary changes have Submarine POWs - This link goes to a page of Paul W. Wittmer's Submarine that left Manila on December 13, 1944 aboard the Oryoku Maru. Under the Japanese" web site. Japan, but many of those died soon after arrival in Moji. 1944 carrying 1,619 POWs in its cargo holds. - Note: This is a very large file, so please be patient and give it time The 106th Engineers and Train were the first to depart from New York on 16 September, arriving in Scotland on 29 September. "7th Division" in this article should be to the "37th Division". The file is Activated: October 1917 (National Guard Division from Alabama, Florida and Georgia). [11], The 31st Infantry (NGUS) Division was effectively reformed with units from Alabama and Mississippi, with its headquarters moving to Mobile on 10 December 1956 and back to Birmingham on 2 May 1959. from the USS Hornet) after all survivors had been consolidated on that ship and √ 041. has posted a complete Palawan Massacre roster at The following is a list of United States Army and United States Marine Corps divisions of World War II.The United States began the war with only a handful of active divisions: five infantry and one cavalry. On 10 November the division headquarters relocated to Birmingham; Blanding retired on 18 November and was replaced by Alabama Major General John C. Persons, who led the division for most of the next four years. Composed of men from Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Michigan, Illinois, and Mississippi at various points in its existence, the division saw service in both World War I and World War II, and was mobilized during the Korean War, although it was not sent overseas in the latter. 192nd Tank Battalion, NARA. was used by the Japanese as as a transfer camp as well as the main POW hospital Click Here to visit the 31st INF DIV WW2 Roster. However, the units of the 31st did not begin concentration until 25 August, when Major General Francis J. Kernan took command. After the end of the war the division was demobilized in December 1945. √ 041. should be "2 February 1945". Nagara Maru Roster by Jim Erickson (National Archives) 4/31 Infantry was deployed to Vietnam in the spring of 1966, operating in and around Tay Ninh province as part of the 196th Light Infantry … It Sharp & Staff. names. Click on the project name to see much more information about this award-winning The movement was made in two echelons. (Col.) John E. Duffy dated March 20, 1947: (30th Bombardment Squadron, 19th Bombardment Group) and his wife, Karen.