1 Why do the nations conspire and the peoples plot in vain? © Seedbed 2018 | Powered by Asbury Theological Seminary, To Sow for A Great Awakening: A Call to Travailing Prayer, The Absolute Basics of the Christian Faith, The Word of God Is like a Fire in Our Hearts and Bones, The Word of God Is Sweet and Bitter (Part Two), The Word of God Is Sweet and Bitter (Part One), The Word of God Unfolds with Deep Understanding for Simple People. Kiss his son, or he will be angry THE REIGN OF JEHOVAH'S ANOINTED. These are my written notes, which I speak from but do not always follow exactly. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. No nation can thwart his plan which is unfolding in human history. S. Gillingham points out that the interpretations of this psalm, as well as of Psalm 1, “increasingly divided Jews and Christians over the first twelve hundred years of the Common Era.” 1 Several partial analyses on how ancient and medieval Jew-ish exegetes interpreted this psalm have been conducted. In Act One (2:1‑3), David raises the question about the chaos in the world, and the kings and rulers come forth in a chorus to say their lines (2:3). Psalm 2 shows God laughing at the futility of the world’s rebellion. The rage of nations and the laugh of God. In righteous anger He declares that despite their resistance He has installed His King (i.e., His Anointed One) on Zion, His holy hill (4- 6). He says we are to worship Jesus, the Son of God. Blessed are all who take refuge in him. Overall, though, the main content, … 26 But Peter helped him up and said, “Stand up! The information used below comes from the oldest sources we have: the Greek manuscripts of the New Testament. This Psalm was writ­ten by David (Acts 4:25). Like many Psalms, the theme of Psalm 2 is emphasized in the final verse. Is the claim correct that Paul wrote most of the New Testament? As you may know, the authors of the NT wrote in Koine Greek, which was the lingua franca of their day. This will be a huge blessing to us all. Psalm 2 – The Reign of the LORD’s Anointed. He serves as the President of Asbury Theological Seminary among other posts he holds across the global church. It contrasts the wicked that ignore God’s way with the righteous who meditate on God’s instruction. on Zion, my holy mountain.”, He said to me, “You are my son; Rage and anger are sinful mankind's typical response to God. "Anointed" is from the Hebrew term mashiyach, from which English derives the word "Messiah." But actually, Peter in Acts chapter 4 and verse 25 reveals that it was in fact David who wrote this psalm. The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, kings. The following verse explains why these efforts are doomed: they're plans to overthrow God and His Anointed One (Psalm 2:2). Psalm 2 gives us a rare glimpse into the inner counsels of those who oppose God’s rule and reign. Do not be, The Bible is so straightforward about the Deity of Christ that those who choose to deny it can only do so by utterly rejecting the Word of God. Cursing The Ungodly. And the peoples devising a vain thing? (You may also notice small grammar or style errors.) The Psalm is structured as a dramatic presentation in four acts. the Lord scoffs at them. Critics make this claim to try and support their assertion that Paul somehow hijacked Christianity away from the Mosaic Law and into his own "grace theology." 1 Why do the nations protest. The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One” (Psalm 2:1, 2 NIV84). Like many psalms, the theme of Psalm 2 is emphasized in the final verse. Do you know what the term "Anointed One" translates into in Greek? You may notice some discrepancies between what I have written and what I actually said. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. When we read Psalm 89 with the understanding that the anointed one is also the Christ, the psalm takes on a whole new layer of meaning. Acts 4:24–26 in the New Testament attributes it to David. But God prophetically states that He has set His king upon His holy hill … Just as Psalm 1 showed the trajectory of our personal journey, so Psalm 2 demonstrates the final verdict of human history. Worship Me." Here is the Orthodox Jewish Bible version of Psalm 2:7 (some words in parentheses mine): That is where we get "Jesus Christ," Yeshua, the Anointed One. But Muslims have not stopped claiming that Jesus never said He was God in the Bible, a fact which has been proven on this blog a (growing) number of times, and so this post is being written. “I have installed my King” (Psalm 2:6 NIV84), the One enthroned in heaven declares. Where Does Jesus Say, "I Am Not God. Psalm 2 describes well this God-opposing mindset as it portrays the rulers of the world conspiring against the God of Israel and His Anointed One: “Why do the nations conspire, and the peoples plot in vain? He is God's begotten Son, who upon request is given the nations and ends of the earth as an inheritance which He will rule with a rod of iron PSALM 2. Psalms Book One The Way of the Righteous and the Wicked. So who are our Top Three writers? Rebellion Against God is folly: Because Jesus is King of Kings “The One enthroned in heaven laughs; the Lord scoffs at them. In other words, it’s a psalm about the king of Israel – the ruler who either was David himself or one who descended from David. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. Psalm 2 is the second psalm of the Book of Psalms, generally known in English by its first verse, in the King James Version, "Why do the heathen rage".In Latin, it is known as "Quare fremuerunt gentes".Psalm 2 does not identify its author with a superscription. Greek translates this as Christos, from which English derives the title of "Christ." All Rights Reserved. 1 Blessed is the man 1. who a walks not in b the counsel of the wicked, nor stands in c the way of sinners, nor d sits in e the seat of f scoffers; 2 but his g delight is in the law 2 of the L ord, and on his h law he meditates day and night. In the third stanza or strophe, the Anointed One speaks, in which He declares the decree of the Lord. The nations rebel. But the answer about who wrote most of the NT is easy enough to come to. The kings of the earth rise up Yes, dear friends, we may feel the weight of those words more and more as the years pass. We have already covered some of the places where Jesus says He is God in previous articles so, in this one, we will take a look at the many places in the Scriptures where Jesus is worshiped as God. This is the final trajectory of human history: “every knee will bow and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord” (Phil. Psalm 2:7 But Who is that Son, exactly? ". But first let us look at two reactions to worship as exhibited in the New Testament. 2:10). And what does YHWH tell everyone to do in the verses following? You will break them with a rod of iron; Psalm 33 in effect puts Psalm 2 in italics. And when we do, that is when we will finally be happy. today I have become your father. a 2 Kings on earth rise up. He rebukes them in his anger and terrifies them in his wrath, saying, “I have installed my king on Zion, my holy mountain.”(Psalm 2:4-6) Notice: Christ’s rule is holy. The world plots and schemes to thwart God’s word, God’s plans and God’s rule. The picture that surfaces here is one of rebellion and hatred against God's anointed, who can be none other than the Messiah, the Lord Jesus Christ. 3 “Let us break their shackles. The writer refers to things which have happened in his life and these things have their ultimate fulfillment in the coming of Jesus Christ. But take heart, the Lord's Anointed reigns. Therefore, you kings, be wise; They see God’s rule as nothing more than chains and fetters which restrict our freedom rather than the true source of joy and freedom. To "kiss the Son" implies giving due honor and respect to the Anointed One (John 6:28–29). A typical challenge from Muslims to Christians is to produce a verse in which Jesus categorically states, "I am God. Stop Worshiping Me? The psalm itself doesn’t explicitly tell us whether it’s speaking of David or one of his descendants. PSALM 2 | The Anointed One | July 2, 2017 from BridgeCity Church on Vimeo. Those who rely on God will be called "blessed" (Psalm 2:10–12). But the similarities between Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic are only proof that they have the same Semitic roots and not much more. The former promises blessing to those who attend assiduously to Torah in its several dimensions. A note to readers: Today’s post is part of a Sunday Voice Series by Dr. Timothy C. Tennent, a close friend, mentor and colleague of mine. We will do this simply by quoting the verses in which Jesus unabashedly proclaims that He is God using the translation known as the  Aramaic Bible in Plain English. Through God’s Anointed One, Jesus Christ, the rule and reign of God has broken into our history: “You are my Son, today I have become your father” (vs. 7). Psalms 2 your house and your kingdom shall be made sure forever before me. Those who do so can be saved, while those who refuse will face the wrath of God (John 3:36). Psalm 2:2. This is why Psalm 2 is the fourth most quoted psalm in the New Testament (only 22, 110 and 118 are quoted more). 26 After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death and will have nothing. If Psalm 1 cast the two paths or journeys in personal terms, Psalm 2 demonstrates that the struggle between righteousness and wickedness is not merely personal, it is also cosmic; it involves not just individuals, but entire nations plotting and scheming against the LORD and against His Anointed One. A. According to the Talmud, Psalm 2 is a continuation of Psalm 1. Let's begin with the Gospel of Matthew:     But Yeshua immediately spoke with them and he said, “Take heart; I AM THE LIVING GOD. Then … The Lord’s Anointed will succeed so… D. All should turn toward the Anointed One (READ 10-12) III. These prophecies refer to One who is to come, who would be a great leader, and who would rule God's people. A. “Let us break their chains,” they cry, “and free ourselves from slavery to God.” But the one who rules in heaven laughs. Where Does Jesus Say "I Am God" in the Aramaic Bible? Yes, during the fall of Jerusalem to the Babylonians, the anointed one was mocked. In light of these great truths, “how blessed are all those who take refuge in him” (vs. 12). Psalm 2 is one of the most controversial chapters in the book of Psalms. 3 He is like i a tree. The psalm itself does not identify its author, but Acts 4:25-26 clearly attributes it to David. We can defy God and perish, or surrender to Him and be blessed. He rebukes them in his anger The Reign of the LORD's Anointed - Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? Interestingly, Psalm 1 begins and Psalm 2 concludes with a “Blessed are …” formula. Verse Concepts. The Reign of the LORD's Anointed. Though some say that Psalm 2 is not considered messianic by the rabbis or Jewish sages, the Jewish messianic understanding of Psalm 2 has a long history. I'll give you a hint. The Lord scoffs at them. Psalm 2 speaks about the glorious Kingdom of God. All we need to do is go up a few verses to see Who is being spoken about. “Do not touch My anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm.” 2 Samuel 19:21. The people of the ruler who will come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. 2:1 Why are the nations in an uproar . All nations will “kiss the Son” (vs. 12). Old Testament prophets and New Testament writers alike looked to the promises centered on Zion and David for significant portions of their theology. But this is also true of Jesus, the anointed Son of David, who was led off to be crucified outside the city gate. Share your email and we’ll send you To Sow for A Great Awakening: A Call to Travailing Prayer, as well as weekly updates, announcements of new releases, special promotions, and more! The kings of the earth prepare for battle; the rulers plot together against the LORD and against his anointed one. The New Testament has a total of 138,020 Greek words in the Analytical Greek New Testament (AGNT). and the peoples plot in vain? No one with an objective mind can read the text of the New Testament and come away with any other conclusion than that the Christ that it speaks of is divine. Psalm 110:5 The Lord at thy right hand shall strike through kings in the day of his wrath. Jesus is “broken” on the cross and through the power of that brokenness, he breaks the power of His foes. planted by j streams of water. The Psalm itself does not identify its author, but Acts 4:25-26 clearly attributes it to David. We can defy God and perish, or we can surrender to Him and be blessed. In it we will combine Jesus' pronouncements of His deity with the Muslim love of Aramaic, albeit translated into easily comprehensible English. Verse 2:- The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, The nations and people in it, led by their kings and rulers, continue to direct their hostility toward the Lord and He anointed one. Ask me, It also demonstrates that the work of preaching and healing by the church is clearly seen as the natural outgrowth and extension of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ. Here is the Orthodox Jewish Bible translation's rendition of the same verse (caps mine): If that word looks familiar, that's because it is. This Sunday Voice Series will cover the Psalms, beginning to end, by focusing on a Psalm each Sunday. the Lord derides them, d 5 Then he speaks to them in his anger, Psalm 2: Psalm 2 is attributed to David (in Acts 4:25), and is called the second psalm (in Acts 13:33). Luke relates what the Apostle Peter encountered when he visited the home of a Gentile: Acts 10 25 When Peter entered, Cornelius met him, fell at his feet, and worshiped him. All we have to do is the math. Of those 138,020 words, the most prolific writers of the New Testament were:    Author    Books                   # of Words        % of NT        Luke     Gospel of Luke         37, It has been pointed out in previous posts that Muslims seem enamored with the fact that the Lord Jesus Christ spoke Aramaic, primarily because they believe it proves that He worshiped their god, Allah. The “anointed one” in Psalm 2 refers exclusively to the future Messiah that will reign over God’s earthly kingdom True Psalms p. 39: In Psalm 2 our view is broadened to encompass the great drama of the Messianic age to come. 1. the ends of the earth your possession. This is a prophecy given to Daniel while the Israelites were captives in Babylon. 2 The kings of the earth take their stand . Man's Counsel Suffering, Of Jesus Christ Anointing, Performed On Christ, Names For. Although the author of the Hebrew text is unknown, in the New Testament the apostles attributed it to David (Acts 4: 24-26). 2 "The kings of the earth take their stand, and the rulers conspire together against the Lord and His Anointed One:" Do you know what the term "Anointed One" translates into in Greek? Psalms 2:1 "Why do the nations rage, And the peoples meditate a vain thing?" His works include Invitation to World Missions: A Trinitarian Missiology for the Twenty-first Century and Theology in the Context of World Christianity: How the Global Church Is Influencing the Way We Think about and Discuss Theology. Psalm 1 showed us the two themes of the psalms: the way of the righteous and the way of the wicked. Psalm 2:10 Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Timothy C. Tennent is the President of Asbury Theological Seminary and a Professor of Global Christianity. Psalm 2 refers to the kings of the earth rebelling "against the Lord and against His anointed." Your throne shall be established forever.’ ” 2. PSALM 2 * A Psalm for a Royal Coronation. 1. and cast off their chains from us!” c 4 The one enthroned in heaven laughs;. Babylonian Talmud, Sukkah 52a. Some of the rabbinic sources which take a messianic interpretation of Psalm 2 are as follows:. If Psalm 1 cast the two paths or journeys in personal terms, Psalm 2 demonstrates that the struggle between righteousness and wickedness is not merely personal, it is also cosmic; it involves not just individuals, but entire nations plotting and scheming against the LORD and against His Anointed One. Psalm 2 relates to Him in its entirety. The transcript of my sermon is located below. I can’t tell you how excited I am for his interest in contributing here. The introductory rhetorical question, “Why do the heathen rage” (verse 1), is shown in the following verses to be a question of incredulity: Why do the nations attack God’s anointed king when their attack is doomed to failure? “Let us break their chains Messianic Texts in the Psalms: Psalm 2 – Anointed One (מָשִׁיחַ) King (מֶלֶךְ) Son (בֵּן) Prayer and Bible Expo: Messianic Texts in the Psalms: Psalm 2 . you will dash them to pieces like pottery.”. and throw off their shackles.”, The One enthroned in heaven laughs; God alone is the Lord of history. for his wrath can flare up in a moment. Human history is replete with dozens of movements which conspire and plot against God and against His Messiah. The final end of all history is that every nation will tremble before His divine majesty. The rage of nations and the laugh of God. and the peoples conspire in vain? “I have installed my king 2 The kings of the earth rise up and the rulers band together against the Lord and against his anointed, saying, and I will make the nations your inheritance, 2. and celebrate his rule with trembling. Psalms 1 and Psalms 2 are as different as night and day. http://apologika.blogspot.com/2014/02/how-do-we-know-psalm-2-really-is.html. Daniel 9:25-26 . The Anointed One. I'll give you a hint. and your way will lead to your destruction, DAVID TO JESUS1 A. About a thousand years before the Christ came to earth, King David the psalmist wrote: All we need to do is go up a few verses to see Who is being spoken about. and princes plot together. Serve the LORD with fear “Ask of me and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession” (vs. 8). The early church clearly understood Psalm 2 as the backdrop to the passion and the final vindication of His Anointed One through the Resurrection. Psalm 2 is considered to be a royal psalm. Herod the Great, Herod the Tetrarch, Pilate and other princes and magistrates, with or after them, are chiefly intended; set themselves — Hebrew, יתיצבו, jithjatzebu, set themselves in opposition, as Chandler renders it. We are now engaged in a global proclamation of Jesus Christ to all nations, proclaiming that all nations are His “inheritance” and “the ends of the earth” His possession (vs. 8). The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD and against his Anointed, saying, “Let us burst their bonds apart and cast away their cords from us.” He who sits in the heavens laughs; the Lord holds them in derision. Psalm 48:4 For, lo, the kings were assembled, they passed by together. I myself am also a man.”, Copyright © Apologika 2014-2020. Anointed One (מָשִׁיחַ) King (מֶלֶךְ) Son (בֵּן) Ps. be warned, you rulers of the earth. The word numbers may vary slightly from source to source, but these are not going to change our final results. against the LORD and against his anointed one: * b. Why do the nations conspire Psalm 2 is twice as long, consisting of four stanzas and 12 verses. against the LORD and against his anointed, saying, The kings of the earth — So called by way of contempt, and to show their madness in opposing the God of heaven. 2. If Psalm 1 cast the two paths or journeys in personal terms, Psalm 2 demonstrates that the struggle between righteousness and wickedness is not merely personal, it is also cosmic; it involves not just individuals, but entire nations plotting and scheming against the LORD and against His Anointed One. But Abishai the son of Zeruiah said, “Should not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the Lord’s anointed?” Psalm 2:2. King David was prophesying about the Coming King, the Coming Messiah (Moshiach) of Israel. Verse Concepts. He blogs at timothytennent.com and can be followed on twitter @TimTennent. (We, of course, know that the second person of the Trinity is eternal, but the “today I have become” refers to him at a specific point in human history taking up the office as Redeemer of the World). Through the incarnation, the LORD has set another historical trajectory into motion. and the rulers band together and terrifies them in his wrath, saying, This is precisely what the Apostle Paul refers to in Ephesians 6:12 when he declares that “our struggle is not against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the powers of this dark world and against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly realms.” In Psalm 2, we learn that righteousness is more than personal piety, it is engaging all these forces arrayed against the Lord and His people. Anointed One in Psalm 2:1-2 Introduction The Second Psalm is an important piece of Israelite literature for it provides a theological view which has dominated the biblical landscape for centuries. Psalm 1 is about personal holiness.

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