They found two genes variants that have a subtle effect on skull shape, on chromosomes one and 18, which when disrupted have major consequences for … [1][2] It is based on the concept that the brain is the organ of the mind, and that certain brain areas have localized, specific functions or modules. d) feel Tell them why their dangers aren't as bad. Doctors say the bump is large enough to feel by pressing the bottom of the skull, (4) ____________ above the neck. Change partners often and share your findings. d) call-phone workers Each student must write the questions on his / her own paper. b) people in their 30s The bump is becoming more frequent among 18 to 30-year-olds who spend many hours a day (6) ___________________ smartphone. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); A study led by Dr Shahar looked at the smartphone use of 1,200 people aged 18 to 86. Doctors say the bump is large enough / sufficient to feel by pressing the bottom of the skull, just / justly above the neck. Role  B – Lack of Exercise a) 18 to 86-year-olds (...)  patients have this growth on the skull." Any such surgery would be a major undertaking fraught with significant risks. Some people are spending so long looking at smartphones that a small bony bump is appearing above their neck. Also, tell the others which is the least dangerous of these (and why): neck strain, poor eyesight or a loss of friends. Would you use your smartphone less because of this story?      d.  bunched over their, 6)  A study led by Dr Shahar looked at the smartphone use of 1,200 ______ 18 to 86 Role  C – Poor Eyesight avidShahar,ahealthscientistattheUniversityofTheSunshineCoastinA Future research can look for more Neanderthal DNA linked with modern human brains and determine what specific effects these ancient genetic variants might have by growing brain tissue with Neanderthal DNA in the lab, Fisher said. • Ask your partner / group your questions. Put the biggest dangers of smartphones at the top. What did doctors advise changing if their neck becomes sore? Different materials to different a this one. Together, put the words into different categories. When you have finished, interview other students.      a.  haunch over their b) phone ache "Thebumpisbec Our head weighs about 4.5 kilograms and bending our head at the same angle for (11) ___________________ can strain the neck. He said: "I have been a clinic / clinician for 20 years, and only in the last decade, increasingly, I have been discovering that my patience / patients have this growth on the skull."      b.  liked to have (...)  scientist at the University of The Sunshine Coast in Australia, spoke to the BBC about the discovery. How many smartphone users did researchers look at in their study? Show your work to your classmates in the next lesson. Shahar said 18 to 30-year-olds were more likely to have the skull bumps than older      d.  pressing the bottom      a.  bump disappearing He said the bumps will probably be more (11) ____________ as we spend longer bending our necks while looking at their phones. It is comprised of many bones, formed by intramembranous ossification, which are joined together by sutures (fibrous joints). S c__ n t_s t s s_y t h_t s m_r t p h_n_s _r_ c h_n g_n g t h_ s h_p_ _f p__ p l_' s s k_l l . 5 k_l_g r_m s _n d b_n d_n g __ r h__ d _t t h_ s_m_ _n g l_ f_r _ l_n g t_m_ c_n s t r__ n t h_ n_c k . d) the middle aged b) 1,300 a) about 4.5 kilograms Smartphones should come with health warnings. The cranium (skull) is the skeletal structure of the head that supports the face and protects the brain. 7)  18 to 30-year-olds were more ______ the skull bumps H_ s__ d t h_ b_m p s w_l l p r_b_b l y b_ m_r_ c_m m_n _s w_ s p_n d l_n g_r b_n d_n g __ r n_c k s w h_l_ l__ k_n g _t __ r p h_n_s . a) doctors Were they new, interesting, worth learning…? They advised people to change their posture if their neck becomes sore / soar. Landmarks were placed on the overall shape of cranium, bill, orbit, nostril, and attachment area for different jaw muscles. Some people are spending (2) ___________________ at smartphones that a small bony bump is appearing above their neck. coveringthatmypatientshavethisgrowthontheskull. 頭蓋骨の形でその人の性格を判断すると主張する人 - 日本語WordNet a now abandoned study of the shape of skull as indicative of the strengths of different faculties 例文帳に追加 頭蓋骨の形状が様々な能力の強さを示すとする、現在は放棄されている研究 - 日本語WordNet The researchers also noted these skull differences likely did not reflect any differences at the time of an infant's birth: Modern humans and Neanderthals have similar braincase and skull shapes at that time, Gunz said. They advised people to change their posture if their neck becomes (12) ____. Skull shape is a proxy for feeding, behavior, and phenotypic differentiation, allowing us to ask whether populations can be distinguished and whether patterns of variation indicate adaptability to changing environmental conditions      b.  pressing the baton How can we deal with this?      b.  become sore Charles Q. Choi - Live Science Contributor You think neck strain is the biggest danger of smartphones. 5) Who is the bump most common with? (Please look at page 26 of the PDF to see a photocopiable example of this activity.). a) 20 years This working hypothesis is based on Wolff's law). d) their doctor.      a.  the last decadence You occipital bun would have been inherited A (7) ___________________ Dr Shahar looked at the smartphone use of 1,200 people aged 18 to 86. Dr David Shahar, a health scientist at the University of The Sunshine Coast in Australia, spoke to the BBC about the (5) ____________. Tell the others three reasons why. Together, the morphological variation among these breeds is so diverse and readily discernible that, for many, skull shape is breed-defining (). 5. 4)  I have been a clinician for 20 years, and only in ______ EMG Scientists say that smartphones are changing the shapely / shape of people's skull. The skull is composed of two parts: the cranium and the mandible.In humans, these two parts are the neurocranium and the viscerocranium (facial skeleton) that includes the mandible as its largest bone. The test for phylogenetic signal shows that it does not occur in both skull shape (Tree length = 0.0067, PP d) 16 to 30-year-olds, 6) How many smartphone users did researchers look at in their study? He said the bumps will probably be more common as we spend longer bending our necks while looking      a.  at unnatural wrangles omingmorefrequentamong18to30-year-oldswhospendmanyhoursa Scientists say that smartphones are changing the (1) ____ of people's skull. a) their lifestyle He said the bumps will probably be more common (8) ____ we spend longer bending our necks while looking at their phones. THE SKULL: Students walk around the class and talk to other students about The skull. Could there be another reason for the skull bump? Talk about the words from the activity. 4) How long has the clinician been doing his job? Different shape of skull.large collection of skulls. Researchers looked at the smartphone use of those aged from 18 to 86.      b.  people aged Skulls of 97 species which were assigned to seven dietary groups in the present study, were compared from the dorsal, lateral, and ventral views using geometric morphometrics. You'll notice two soft areas at the top of your baby's head where the skull bones haven't yet grown together. Comment on your partner’s paper. Dr David Shahar, a health scientist at the University of The Sunshine Coast in Australia, spoke to the BBC about the (4) ____. The space between two joining lines (usually measured in degrees). Scientists say that smartphones are (1) ___________________ of people's skull. Our head weighs about 4.5 kilograms and (10) ____ our head at the same angle for a long time can strain the neck.      c.  pressing the batting Role  D – Loss of Friends In groups, pool unknown words and use dictionaries to find their meanings. NY 10036. sameangleforalongtimecanstraintheneck.Doctorsarecallingthisstrai BONE: Spend one minute writing down all of the different words you associate with the word "bone".      d.  bump is appearing Try the same news story at these easier levels: Skull Shape - Level 0,  Skull Shape - Level 1   or  Skull Shape - Level 2, Make sure you try all of the online activities for this reading and listening - There are dictations, multiple choice, drag and drop activities, crosswords, hangman, flash cards, matching activities and a whole lot more. Happening or done on many occasions, in many cases.      d.  the last decade Diversity in Skull Shape. These faculties included everything from reproduction to affection, vanity, and musical ability. 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