Gordon, the son of an artillery officer, was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Royal Engineers in 1852. He wrote a biography of Peter the Great. Gordon's heroics have also been drawn on in the 2005 novel The Triumph of the Sun by Wilbur Smith. Reviewed October 26, 2016 . The statue was made in 1887-88. He distinguished himself in the Crimean War (1853 - 1856) and in 1860 volunteered for the 'Arrow' war against the Chinese. This is a biography of one of the most colorful soldiers who ever lived - "Chinese Gordon," known later as "Gordon of Khartoum," who died a martyr's death during the siege of Khartoum in the Sudan in 1885. During the Crimean War (1853–56) he General Charles Gordon © British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. A sober statue stance of a charitable man located in Victoria Embankment Gardens/Whitehall Gardens, the statue of Major General Charles George Gordon is located in the Victoria Embankment Gardens, which is the garden towards Westminster Pier. Khartoum definition, a city in and the capital of the Sudan, at the junction of the White and Blue Nile rivers: besieged 1885; retaken by the British 1898. He is the subject of several biographies, and was portrayed by actor Charlton Heston, opposite Sir Laurence Olivier as The Mahdi, in the 1966 movie "Khartoum." Many biographies have been written of Gordon, most of them of a highly hagiographic nature. He was present at the occupation of Beijing (October 1860) and personally directed the burning of the Chinese emperor’s summer palace. He sent Colonel Stewart and the troops with the steamers to recapture Berber. MajorGeneral Charles George Gordon also known as Chinese Gordon Gordon Pasha and Gordon of Khartoum was a British army officer and administrator General Gordon's Last Stand after painting by George W Joy 1885 Gordon about to be attacked by warriors of … Gordon, known to defy orders, is received well in the city of Khartoum -- so instead of acting as an ambassador, he motivates the city to prepare its defenses. Gordon arrived at Khartoum on 18 February 1884, but instead of organising the evacuation of the garrisons, set about administering the city. Siege of Khartoum (March 13, 1884–January 26, 1885), military blockade of the capital of the Sudan by the Mahdists. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The 2008 novel After Omdurmanby John Ferry deals with the reconquest of the Sudan and highlights how the Anglo-Egyptian army was driven to avenge Gordon's death. Gordon of Khartoum. This page has been archived and is no longer updated. However, historians have since suggested that Gordon defied orders and refused to evacuate Khartoum even though it remained possible until late in the siege. Charlton Heston played Gordon in the 1966 epic film Khartoum, which deals with the siege of Khartoum. He had eight thousand men at Khartoum and Senaar. Charles Gordon was born on 28 January 1833, the son of a senior army officer. In Equatoria, from April 1874 to December 1876, Gordon mapped the upper Nile River and established a line of stations along the river as far south as present-day Uganda. After being refused British support, Gordon was killed and the city was lost to the Mahdists. In 1873 the khedive Ismāʿīl Pasha of Egypt, who regularly employed Europeans, appointed Gordon governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. However, some biographers, such as the noted Lytton Strachey, have suggested that Gordon, in defiance of his government’s orders, had deliberately refused to evacuate Khartoum, even though evacuation was still possible until late in the siege. Khartoum is a 1966 British epic war film written by Robert Ardrey and directed by Basil Dearden.It stars Charlton Heston as British Gen. Charles "Chinese" Gordon and Laurence Olivier as Muhammad Ahmed (a Sudanese leader whose devotees proclaimed him the Mahdi), with a supporting cast that includes Richard Johnson and Ralph Richardson. By contrast, Gordon is one of the four subjects di… Ill health forced him to resign and return to England in 1880; over the next two years he served in India, China, Mauritius, and Cape Colony (in Southern Africa). Thomas Gordon (d.1741) was an Admiral in the Russian Navy and became Governor of Kronstadt. In May 1862 Gordon's corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. Khartoum came under siege a month later, and on Jan. 26, 1885, the Mahdists broke into the city and killed Gordon and the other defenders. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Sudan: Ismāʿīl Pasha and the growth of European influence. General Gordon's last stand after the siege of Khartoum 11 February 1885: For hours the best part of the town was the scene of a merciless massacre. Spine may show signs of wear. However… While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Born in London in 1833 and killed at Khartoum in 1885, General Charles George Gordon is, undoubtedly, one of Britain’s greatest military heroes. Charles George Gordon on Wikipedia: Charles George Gordon works on Wikisource: Suggest an edit or a new quote: British Engineer Quotes. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. During the next 18 months Gordon’s troops played an important, though not a crucial, role in suppressing the Taiping uprising. Though tasked with extracting his command from the area before Mahdist rebels arrived, he elected to defend the city. Major General Gordon on his way to Khartoum, apparently, and by today’s standards an offensive depiction, to say the least.  © Reappointed governor-general, Gordon arrived in Khartoum in February. BBC 1982 - Produced by Malcolm Brown (1930-2017), Narrated by Robert Hardy (1925-2017) In February 1884 Gordon returned to the Sudan to evacuate Egyptian forces from Khartoum threatened by Sudanese rebels led by Muhammad Ahmad al-Mahdi. By July 1884, Gladstone reluctantly agreed to send an expedition to Khartoum. This page is best viewed in an up-to-date web browser with style sheets (CSS) enabled. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. He returned to England in January 1865, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him 'Chinese Gordon'. British general Charles Gordon became a national hero for his exploits in China and his ill-fated defence of Khartoum against Sudanese rebels. Corrections? Gordon's plight excited great concern in the British press, and even Queen Victoria intervened on his behalf. Gordon of Khartoum, Kitchener, Cecil Rhodes, Baden-Powell, Lawrence of Arabia, I don't think any of them would feel at home in the "LGBT community", but I'm pretty sure that there's not a … When Gordon awoke to find that, through the treachery of his Egyptian lieutenant, Khartoum was in the hands of the Mahdi, he set out with a few followers for the Austrian consulate. Khartoum came under siege the next month and on 26 January 1885 the rebels broke into the city, killing Gordon (apparently against al-Mahdi's instructions) and the other defenders. In 1873, he was appointed governor of the province of Equatoria in the Sudan. He returned in January 1865 to England, where an enthusiastic public had already dubbed him “Chinese Gordon.” For the next five years he was commander of the Royal Engineers at Gravesend, Kent; he spent his spare time developing his own unorthodox, mystical brand of Christianity and engaging in philanthropic activity among poor youths. In May 1862 Gordon’s corps of engineers was assigned to strengthen the bulwarks of the European trading centre of Shanghai, which was threatened by the insurgents of the Taiping Rebellion. … The Khartoum House staff continue to be fantastic and all of the boys and parents respect and appreciate their hard work, as I also do. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. He was commissioned into the Royal Engineers in 1852. In early 1884, Major General Charles "Chinese" Gordon arrived to take command of British and Egyptian forces in Khartoum. Gordon School, as it now is, was founded by public subscription in 1885 as a national memorial to Gordon of Khartoum. Background. While you will be able to view the content of this page in your current browser, you will not be able to get the full visual experience. Review of Charles George Gordon Statue. Produced by the Fanfare Press this … …Equatoria province to another Englishman. 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